Dantavius_Ann.Bib_Outline-Leadership Behavior_10-30.docx - Running head ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY AND OUTLINE LEADERSHIP BEHAVIOR Annotated Bibliography

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Running head: ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY AND OUTLINE: LEADERSHIP BEHAVIOR Annotated Bibliography and Outline: Leadership Behavior Dantavius Swift Grand Canyon University: LDR-802 October 30, 2019
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2 Running Head: ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY AND OUTLINE: LEADERSHIP BEHAVIOR Hayyat Malik, S. (2012). A study of relationship between leader behaviors and subordinate job expectancies: a path-goal approach. Pakistan Journal of Commerce & Social Sciences , 6 (2), 357-371. Hayyat (2012) developed a study that discusses the correlation of leader behavior and a follower’s job expectations. The path-goal leadership design is used to conduct this study that is concerned with increasing satisfaction and motivation of followers, while also enhancing their work ethic. Path-goal leadership include four styles of leadership behavior. They are directive, supportive, participative, and achievement oriented. A leader’s effectiveness is influenced by the character traits of their followers and the surrounding environment, it is ultimately traced back to their engagement with the aforementioned behaviors. Within this leadership style, there are four different specific characteristics that display a major influence: achievement, locus of control, autonomy, and apparent ability (Hayyat, 2012). Also included in the discussion are the three environmental characteristics - task structure, stress, and role ambiguity – that influence effectiveness of the leadership style. 200 cellular device companies evaluated 50 leaders in management and/or leadership positions. A qualitative method was used to retain the employee’s opinion about all four categories included with leader behavior and the expectations of the job. The results determined the job expectations are correlated with the leader behavior. They also concluded that followers have a higher response rate to directive leadership behavior. Directive leadership behavior is more operative for those with high achievement need. Furthermore, followers who require high autonomy respond better and faster to
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3 Running Head: ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY AND OUTLINE: LEADERSHIP BEHAVIOR participative leadership. The author provided supportive material to uphold the conclusions stated in this article. Moreover, conducting additional in-depth studies about leadership behavior would benefit future research. Lee, P., Chen, C., & Liou, K. T. (2016). Using Citizens’ Leadership Behaviors to Enhance Worker Motivation: Reducing Perceived Social Loafing in a Coproductive Tax Service Program. Public Performance & Management Review, 39(1), 172-197. The effects of directive and supportive leadership on followers’ social behaviors are investigated by Lee, Chen, and Liou (2016). It is inferred that the organization, job assignments, and follower characteristics assist in the development of supportive and directive leadership (Lee et al., 2016). The authors argue that there is a void that needs to be filled with research that specifically pertains to the public sector environment. The perceptions of social loafing that involved tax collectors was examined in how it played
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