FinalReport2008-Guatemala-ENG.doc - ORGANIZATION OF AMERICAN STATES INTER-AMERICAN COMMISSION OF WOMEN FOLLOW-UP MECHANISM CONVENTION OF BELÉM DO

FinalReport2008-Guatemala-ENG.doc - ORGANIZATION OF...

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ORGANIZATION OF AMERICAN STATES INTER-AMERICAN COMMISSION OF WOMEN FOLLOW-UP MECHANISM OEA/Ser.L/II.7.10 CONVENTION OF BELÉM DO PARÁ (MESECVI) MESECVI-II/doc.31/08 SECOND CONFERENCE OF THE STATE PARTIES 24 June 2008 9 - 10 July, 2008 Original: Spanish Caracas, Venezuela GUATEMALA COUNTRY REPORT/ OBSERVATIONS BY THE COMPETENT NATIONAL AUTHORITY (CNA)
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- 41 - COUNTRY REPORT APPROVED BY THE COMMITTEE OF EXPERTS ON VIOLENCE (CEVI) EXECUTIVE SUMMARY In practically every society and culture, women are turned into objects. This condition subordinates them to male hegemony and turns them into the end receivers of all types of violence, be it against their lives, dignity, integrity and/or bodies. Given this situation, the State of Guatemala has focused on the issue and joined international efforts to accomplish the eradication of violence against women. In 1982, the Guatemalan State ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Types of Discrimination against Women, CEDAW. In 1995, it ratified the Inter - American Convention to Prevent, Punish and Eradicate Violence against Women (Convention of Belém do Pará ). By adhering to their principles, the Guatemalan Government confirmed its concern to address the problems faced by women, and move them from the private to the public sphere, instituting the right to a “life free of violence” as a fundamental right. Ever since, the State of Guatemala as continued to make progress in its laws, access to justice, protection, assistance and prevention regarding women’s human rights. However, since MESECVI was introduced, it has become clear that much remains to be done. Following is a presentation of the assessment carried out by the Committee of Experts on Violence (CEVI) to the report on the Mechanism for the Implementation of the Provisions of the Inter-American Convention to Prevent, Punish and Eradicate Violence against Women (MESECVI) submitted by the State of Guatemala before the Inter-American Commission for Women (CIM) within the Organization of American States (OAS). This evaluation covers four basic elements: Laws and Regulations in Force and National Plans; Access to Justice; Budget and Information and Statistics. Under each heading, reference is made to the progress achieved, the obstacles encountered and the setbacks in the process. At the end of the document, we provide General and Specific Recommendations with direct reference to the principles of the Convention that the State should focus on, followed by a brief conclusion. This evaluation is based on the replies sent by the Government of Guatemala to MESECVI, and on the following documents: Human Development Report 2004 (UNDP); Report by the Federatión internationale de droit de l’homme (FIDH) France, 2006; 1 / Report by the Human Rights Rapporteur for Guatemala, Miss Yakin Ertuk; 2 / Report on Violence against Women in Latin America and the Caribbean, 1990-2000; 3 / Report by the Special Rapporteur on the Trafficking of Persons, 1 . Claudia Cecilia Ramírez C., and Flor de María Meza. International Investigation Misión.
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