linguistics lecture 11/20 - Language change ● Language vary synchronic and diachronic ● Synchronic variation refers to variation at a single moment

linguistics lecture 11/20 - Language change ● Language...

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Language change Language vary synchronic and diachronic Synchronic variation refers to variation at a single moment in time Across social or regional groups Diachronic variation refers to variariation change over time Language change is natural and non-goal oriented = no optimal way of speaking Change happens through social or geographical isolation or language contact Dialects can diverge into different languages
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Unformatted text preview: ○ Ex latin = italian, french, spanish ● Use cognates to see if languages are related ● Protolanguage - related languages come from a common ancestor ○ Sometimes this language no longer exists Sound change ● Can affect the prounciation of phonemes in a language ○ Can affect the distribution of allophemes and phonemes ● Phonological changes in languages are always regular ● Phonemes = psychological objects ●...
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