linguistics lecture 11/22 - Sound change ● Comparative method finds sound correspondence within a language family ● Unconditioned sound change

linguistics lecture 11/22 - Sound change ● Comparative...

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Sound change Comparative method - finds sound correspondence within a language family Unconditioned sound change - regular sound change that happened in every environment in the language Ex : latin - tertius English - third Conditioned sound change - sound change that happened only in a specific environment Morphological change Analogy - take an irregular/uncommon forms and makes them more to similar/common forms Could be driven by phonological similarity
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Unformatted text preview: Semantic change ● Broadening - going from the specific to the general ○ Coke can come to mean all soft drinks ● Narrowing - general term becomes more specific ○ Worm used to mean any bug but now its a specific bug Syntactic change ● Old english → modern english ○ Vso → svo ● Grammaticalization - content → function : process by which a lexical item develops a grammatical function ○ Content morpheme → function morpheme...
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