Chapter PP notes - CHAPTER 3 Public Speaking Anxiety PSA...

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CHAPTER 3: Public Speaking Anxiety - PSA: Public Speaking Anxiety - Fear experienced by a person when delivering (or preparing to deliver) a speech to an audience - Before > During > After - Most fear stems from uncertainty - Better prepared = less anxiety - Fear of Uncertainty - Abilities - Audience - Ideas - Role as a speaker - Setting - Technology - Evaluation - Why we shouldn’t “Eliminate” - Nervousness is natural- attempting is unrealistic - Some anxiety can benefit you - Nervousness is energy- and it shows you care about performing well - Use it to enliven your delivery and give your ideas impact - Dealing with nervousness - What are some examples of a time or an event where you were nervous, but in a good way? - Instead of negative - F - Overcome fear of public speaking - Experience - Public speaking class - Friends, family, coworkers - Volunteer to respond in class - Preparation - Choose a topic you enjoy - Study your audience
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- Be organized - Know your intro and conclusion - Make practice real - Understand your evaluation form - Power of positive speaking - Negative thought < positive thought - Power of visualization - The key to visualization is creating a mental blueprint in which you see yourself succeeding in your speech, versus all the things that could possibly go wrong - Most nervousness is not visible - Many are worried about appearing nervous to the audience - Work HARD on the intro because most of your nerves drop after about 30-60 seconds - Don’t give yourself away - Don’t expect perfection - There is no such thing as a perfect speech - Every presenter has at least one mistake- it’s up to you mitigate CHAPTER 6: Speech Specifics - Generating ideas - Brainstorming - What topics interest you and your listener - What topics develop from the occasion and your research - Self generated - Based on the speakers interests, experiences, and knowledge - Audience generated - Based on the audience's interests and needs - Occasion generated - Speech topics derived from circumstances, seasons, holidays or life events - Research generated - Discovered by investigating a variety of sources
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- Selecting a topic - Ask yourself 4 questions - Am i interested in the topic? - Is the topic of interest or importance to my audience? - Am i likely to find sufficient authoritative supporting material in the time allotted for researching and developing the speech - Do i understand the topic enough to deliver it? - General purpose - Broad goal of speech - To inform - To persuade - To entertain - To demonstrate - The general purpose is to inform - Specific purpose - 3 parts - Stating general purpose - Name the individuals to whom you are addressing - State what speech is addressing - Things to keep in mind - Avoid figurative language - Always form a statement (not question) - Limit to one idea - Avoid being vague - Central Idea - AKA thesis - One sentence statement - Encapsulate major ideas of speech - “Thesis statement” - One sentence synopsis of a speaker’s message - Key points - Express as a full sentence - Don’t express as a question -
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