linguistics lecture 10/24 - Syntax ● Describe internal groups within a sentence ○ Syntactic categories ● Verb phrases combined with noun phrases

linguistics lecture 10/24 - Syntax ● Describe internal...

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Syntax Describe internal groups within a sentence Syntactic categories Verb phrases combined with noun phrases form a sentence Sentences aren't always vp + np Sometimes there is modifiers Sometimes just a vp Or many other forms What factors influence whether a combination of words is a valid sentence Word order Co occurrence Arguments Whenever there is an X there must be a Y Then the Y is an argument of X Ex devoured requirews a subject noun Arguments in flexible word order languages Object argument is still required regardless of word order Arguments can be different types of expressions Told requires 3 arguments Subject Who was told What was told Arguments must appear in order Sue put the apple on the table Sentences cant have extra arguments Sue at the apple the pear Adjuncts = modifiers (optional) Can have many in sentence and in whatever order Verb subcategorization
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