Unformatted text preview: CCNP-SWITCH_IPHelper_August_2019
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File Version: 10.0 300-115 - Implementing Cisco IP Switched Networks
Updated - August 2019 by IPHelper Exam A - MCQs - Cisco Official
Exam B - Simlet HSRP
Exam C - Simlet VTPv3
Exam D - HSRP Ferris Plastics Exam E - HSRP Hotspot Certprepare
Exam F - Simulation Labs
Exam G - Drag and Drop - Official
Exam H - Drag and Drop - Concepts
Exam I - MCQs April-May 2017 - Contribute
Exam J - MCQs June 2017 - Contribute
Exam K - MCQs August 2017 - Contribute
Exam L - MCQs Sept-Oct-Nov 2017 - Contribute
Exam M - MCQs Dec 2017_Feb-March 2018 - Contribute
Exam N - MCQs April-May 2018 - Contribute
Exam O - MCQs June 2018 - Contribute
Exam P - MCQs July-August 2018 - Contribute
Exam Q - MCQs Sept-Oct 2018 - Contribute
Exam R - MCQs Nov 2018 - Contribute
Exam S - MCQs Dec 2018 - Contribute
Exam T - MCQs Jan-August 2019 - Contribute
Exam U - MCQs August 2019 - Contribute
CONTRIBUTED ONLY POOLS
- THIS IS FROM CANDIDATES FROM CERTPREPARE BASED ON WHAT THEY CAN REMEMBER IN THEIR EXAM.
- REMEMBER THESE ARE NOT OFFICIALLY WRITTEN CISCO QUESTIONS. Sections
1. Layer 2 Technologies
2. Infrastructure Security
3. Infrastructure Services
4. Mix QUESTIONS MCQs - Cisco Official
What is the maximum number of switches that can be stacked using Cisco StackWise?
13 Correct Answer: D
Up to 9 Cisco Catalyst switches can be stacked together to build single logical StackWise switch since Cisco IOS XE Release 3.3.0SE. Prior to Cisco IOS XE
Release3.3.0SE, up to 4 Cisco Catalyst switches could be stacked together.
A network engineer wants to add a new switch to an existing switch stack. Which configuration must be added to the new switch before it can be added to
the switch stack?
E. No configuration must be added.
VTP information Correct Answer: A
Switch Stack Offline Configuration
You can use the offline configuration feature to provision (to supply a configuration to) a new switch before it joins the switch stack. You can configure in
advance the stack member number, the switch type, and the interfaces associated with a switch that is not currently part of the stack. The configuration that
you create on the switch stack is called the provisioned configuration . The switch that is added to the switch stack and that receives this configuration is
called the provisioned switch.
You manually create the provisioned configuration through the switch stack-member-number provision type global configuration command. The provisioned
configuration is automatically created when a switch is added to a switch stack and when no provisioned configuration exists.
When you configure the interfaces associated with a provisioned switch (for example, as part of a VLAN), the switch stack accepts the configuration, and the
information appears in the running configuration. The interface associated with the provisioned switch is not active, operates as if it is administratively shut
down, and the no shutdown interface configuration command does not return it to active service. The interface associated with the provisioned switch does
not appear in the display of the specific feature; for example, it does not appear in the show vlan user EXEC command output.
The switch stack retains the provisioned configuration in the running configuration whether or not the provisioned switch is part of the stack. You can save the
provisioned configuration to the startup configuration file by entering the copy running-config startup-config privileged EXEC command. The startup
configuration file ensures that the switch stack can reload and can use the saved information whether or not the provisioned switch is part of the switch
Effects of Adding a Provisioned Switch to a Switch Stack
When you add a provisioned switch to the switch stack, the stack applies either the provisioned configuration or the default configuration. Table 5-1 lists the
events that occur when the switch stack compares the provisioned configuration with the provisioned switch. Reference:
What percentage of bandwidth is reduced when a stack cable is broken?
100 Correct Answer: C
Physical Sequential Linkage
The switches are physically connected sequentially, as shown in Figure 3. A break in any one of the cables will result in the stack bandwidth being reduced to
half of its full capacity. Subsecond timing mechanisms detect traffic problems and immediately institute failover. This mechanism restores dual path flow
when the timing mechanisms detect renewed activity on the cable.
Figure 3. Cisco StackWise Technology Resilient Cabling Reference:
Refer to the exhibit. Which set of configurations will result in all ports on both switches successfully bundling into an EtherChannel?
channel-group 1 mode active
channel-group 1 mode auto
channel-group 1 mode desirable
channel-group 1 mode passive
channel-group 1 mode on
switch2 channel-group 1 mode auto
channel-group 1 mode desirable
channel-group 1 mode auto
Correct Answer: D
The different etherchannel modes are described in the table below: Both the auto and desirable PAgP modes allow interfaces to negotiate with partner interfaces to determine if they can form an EtherChannel based on criteria
such as interface speed and, for Layer 2 EtherChannels, trunking state and VLAN numbers.
Interfaces can form an EtherChannel when they are in different PAgP modes as long as the modes are compatible. For example:
An interface in the desirable mode can form an EtherChannel with another interface that is in the desirable or auto mode. An interface in the auto mode can form an EtherChannel with another interface in the desirable mode.
An interface in the auto mode cannot form an EtherChannel with another interface that is also in the auto mode because neither interface starts PAgP
An interface in the on mode that is added to a port channel is forced to have the same characteristics as the already existing on mode interfaces in the
Refer to the exhibit. How can the traffic that is mirrored out the GigabitEthernet0/48 port be limited to only traffic that is received or transmitted in VLAN 10 on the
D. Change the configuration for GigabitEthernet0/48 so that it is a member of VLAN 10.
Add an access list to GigabitEthernet0/48 to filter out traffic that is not in VLAN 10.
Apply the monitor session filter globally to allow only traffic from VLAN 10.
Change the monitor session source to VLAN 10 instead of the physical interface. Correct Answer: C
To start a new flow-based SPAN (FSPAN) session or flow-based RSPAN (FRSPAN) source or destination session, or to limit (filter) SPAN source traffic to
specific VLANs, use the monitor session filter global configuration command.
You can set a combined maximum of two local SPAN sessions and RSPAN source sessions. You can have a total of 66 SPAN and RSPAN sessions on a
switch or switch stack.
You can monitor traffic on a single VLAN or on a series or range of ports or VLANs. You select a series or range of VLANs by using the [ , | -] options.
If you specify a series of VLANs, you must enter a space before and after the comma. If you specify a range of VLANs, you must enter a space before and
after the hyphen ( -).
VLAN filtering refers to analyzing network traffic on a selected set of VLANs on trunk source ports. By default, all VLANs are monitored on trunk source ports.
You can use the monitor session session_number filter vlan vlan-id command to limit SPAN traffic on trunk source ports to only the specified VLANs.
VLAN monitoring and VLAN filtering are mutually exclusive. If a VLAN is a source, VLAN filtering cannot be enabled. If VLAN filtering is configured, a VLAN
cannot become a source.
Refer to the exhibit. A network engineer wants to analyze all incoming and outgoing packets for an interface that is connected to an access switch. Which three items must be configured to mirror traffic to a packet sniffer that is connected to the distribution switch? (Choose three.)
F. A monitor session on the distribution switch with a physical interface as the source and the remote SPAN VLAN as the destination
A remote SPAN VLAN on the distribution and access layer switch
A monitor session on the access switch with a physical interface source and the remote SPAN VLAN as the destination
A monitor session on the distribution switch with a remote SPAN VLAN as the source and physical interface as the destination
A monitor session on the access switch with a remote SPAN VLAN source and the physical interface as the destination
A monitor session on the distribution switch with a physical interface as the source and a physical interface as the destination Correct Answer: BCD
You can analyze network traffic passing through ports or VLANs by using SPAN or RSPAN to send a copy of the traffic to another port on the switch or on
another switch that has been connected to a network analyzer or other monitoring or security device. SPAN copies (or mirrors) traffic received or sent (or
both) on source ports or source VLANs to a destination port for analysis.
RSPAN supports source ports, source VLANs, and destination ports on different switches (or different switch stacks), enabling remote monitoring of multiple
switches across your network. The traffic for each RSPAN session is carried over a user-specified RSPAN VLAN that is dedicated for that RSPAN session in
all participating switches. The RSPAN traffic from the source ports or VLANs is copied into the RSPAN VLAN and forwarded over trunk ports carrying the
RSPAN VLAN to a destination session monitoring the RSPAN VLAN. Each RSPAN source switch must have either ports or VLANs as RSPAN sources. The
destination is always a physical port.
After an EtherChannel is configured between two Cisco switches, interface port channel 1 is in the down/down state. Switch A is configured with channelgroup 1 mode active, while Switch B is configured with channel-group 1 mode desirable. Why is the EtherChannel bundle not working?
D. The switches are using mismatched EtherChannel negotiation modes.
The switch ports are not configured in trunking mode.
LACP priority must be configured on both switches.
The channel group identifier must be different for Switch A and Switch B. Correct Answer: A
Section: (none) Explanation
Here we have a situation where one switch is using active mode, which is an LACP mode, and the other is using desirable, which is a PAGP mode. You can
not mix the LACP and PAGP protocols to form an etherchannel. Here is a summary of the various etherchannel modes: Reference:
An EtherChannel bundle has been established between a Cisco switch and a corporate web server. The network administrator noticed that only one of the
EtherChannel links is being utilized to reach the web server. What should be done on the Cisco switch to allow for better EtherChannel utilization to the
corporate web server?
A. Enable Cisco Express Forwarding to allow for more effective traffic sharing over the EtherChannel bundle.
B. Adjust the EtherChannel load-balancing method based on destination IP addresses. C. Disable spanning tree on all interfaces that are participating in the EtherChannel bundle.
D. Use link-state tracking to allow for improved load balancing of traffic upon link failure to the server.
E. Adjust the EtherChannel load-balancing method based on source IP addresses.
Correct Answer: E
EtherChannel load balancing can use MAC addresses, IP addresses, or Layer 4 port numbers, and either source mode, destination mode, or both. The
mode you select applies to all EtherChannels that you configure on the switch. Use the option that provides the greatest variety in your configuration. For
example, if the traffic on a channel only goes to a single MAC address (which is the case in this example, since all traffic is going to the same web server),
use of the destination MAC address results in the choice of the same link in the channel each time. Use of source addresses or IP addresses can result in a
better load balance.
Interface FastEthernet0/1 is configured as a trunk interface that allows all VLANs. This command is configured globally:
monitor session 2 filter vlan 1 – 8, 39, 52
What is the result of the implemented command?
E. All VLAN traffic is sent to the SPAN destination interface.
Traffic from VLAN 4 is not sent to the SPAN destination interface.
Filtering a trunked SPAN port effectively disables SPAN operations for all VLANs.
The trunk’s native VLAN must be changed to something other than VLAN 1.
Traffic from VLANs 1 to 8, 39, and 52 is replicated to the SPAN destination port. Correct Answer: E
Explanation: The “monitor session filter” command is used to specify which VLANS are to be port mirrored using SPAN. This example shows how to monitor VLANs 1
through 5 and VLAN 9 when the SPAN source is a trunk interface:
Switch(config)# monitor session 2 filter vlan 1 – 5 , 9
A network engineer notices inconsistent Cisco Discovery Protocol neighbors according to the diagram that is provided. The engineer notices only a single
neighbor that uses Cisco Discovery Protocol, but it has several routing neighbor relationships. What would cause the output to show only the single
D. The routers are connected via a Layer 2 switch.
IP routing is disabled on neighboring devices.
Cisco Express Forwarding is enabled locally.
Cisco Discovery Protocol advertisements are inconsistent between the local and remote devices. Correct Answer: A
If all of the routers are connected to each other using a layer 2 switch, then each router will only have the single switch port that it connects to as its neighbor.
Even though multiple routing neighbors can be formed over a layer 2 network, only the physical port that it connects to will be seen as a CDP neighbor. CDP
can be used to determine the physical topology, but not necessarily the logical topology.
After the implementation of several different types of switches from different vendors, a network engineer notices that directly connected devices that use
Cisco Discovery Protocol are not visible. Which vendor-neutral protocol could be used to resolve this issue?
D. Local Area Mobility
Link Layer Discovery Protocol
Directed Response Protocol Correct Answer: B
Section: (none) Explanation
The Link Layer Discovery Protocol (LLDP) is a vendor-neutral link layer protocol in the Internet Protocol Suite used by network devices for advertising their
identity, capabilities, and neighbors on an IEEE 802 local area network, principally wired Ethernet. LLDP performs functions similar to several proprietary
protocols, such as the Cisco Discovery Protocol (CDP).
Several new switches have been added to the existing network as VTP clients. All of the new switches have been configured with the same VTP domain,
password, and version. However, VLANs are not passing from the VTP server (existing network) to the VTP clients. What must be done to fix this?
D. Remove the VTP domain name from all switches with "null" and then replace it with the new domain name.
Configure a different native VLAN on all new switches that are configured as VTP clients.
Provision one of the new switches to be the VTP server and duplicate information from the existing network.
Ensure that all switch interconnects are configured as trunks to allow VTP information to be transferred. Correct Answer: D
VTP allows switches to advertise VLAN information between other members of the same VTP domain. VTP allows a consistent view of the switched network
across all switches. There are several reasons why the VLAN information can fail to be exchanged.
Verify these items if switches that run VTP fail to exchange VLAN information:
VTP information only passes through a trunk port. Make sure that all ports that interconnect switches are configured as trunks and are
Make sure that if EtherChannels are created between two switches, only Layer 2 EtherChannels propagate VLAN information.
Make sure that the VLANs are active in all the devices.
One of the switches must be the VTP server in a VTP domain. All VLAN changes must be done on this switch in order to have them propagated to the
The VTP domain name must match and it is case sensitive. CISCO and cisco are two different domain names.
Make sure that no password is set between the server and client. If any password is set, make sure that the password is the same on both sides.
Reference: QUESTION 13
After implementing VTP, the extended VLANs are not being propagated to other VTP switches. What should be configured for extended VLANs?
D. VTP does not support extended VLANs and should be manually added to all switches.
Enable VTP version 3, which supports extended VLAN propagation.
VTP authentication is required when using extended VLANs because of their ability to cause network instability.
Ensure that all switches run the same Cisco IOS version. Extended VLANs will not propagate to different IOS versions when extended VLANs are in use. Correct Answer: B
VTP version 1 and VTP version 2 do not propagate configuration information for extended-range VLANs (VLAN numbers 1006 to 4094). You must
configure extended-range VLANs manually on each network device.
VTP version 3 supports extended-range VLANs (VLAN numbers 1006 to 4094). If you convert from VTP version 3 to VTP version 2, the VLANs in the
range 1006 to 4094 are removed from VTP control.
Refer to the exhibit. Switch A, B, and C are trunked together and have been properly configured for VTP. Switch C receives VLAN information from the VTP server Switch A, but
Switch B does not receive any VLAN information. What is the most probable cause of this behavior? A.
D. Switch B is configured in transparent mode.
Switch B is configured with an access port to Switch A, while Switch C is configured with a trunk port to Switch B.
The VTP revision number of the Switch B is higher than that of Switch A.
The trunk between Switch A and Switch B is misconfigured. Correct Answer: A
VTP transparent switches do not participate in VTP. A VTP transparent switch does not advertise its VLAN configuration and does not synchronize its VLAN
configuration based on received advertisements, but transparent switches do forward VTP advertisements that they receive out their trunk ports in VTP
Refer to the exhibit. Switch A, B, and C are trunked together and have been properly configured for VTP. Switch B has all VLANs, but Switch C is not receiving traffic from certain
VLANs. What would cause this issue?...
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