POLITICAL SCIENCE EXAM #1.docx - -Politics a process of...

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-Politics: a process of determining how power and resources are distributed in a society without recourse to violence-Government: a process of determining how power and resources are distributed in a society without recourse to violence over a body of people-Popular Sovereignty: concept that the citizens are the ultimate source of political power-Democracy: a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives-Social Contract Theory: originated during the Age of Enlightenment and usually concerns the legitimacy of the authority of the state over the individual-US Demographic Trends: A popular term for any measurable change in the characteristics of a population over time—e.g., increased or decreased concentration of a particular ethnic group, sex ratio, etc.-Naturalization: the legal process of acquiring citizenship for someone who has not acquired it by birth-US Concept of Equality: the individual's right to life, liberty and property is respected and that government abstains from conferring any special advantage or inflicting any special harm upon one individual (or group) in distinction to another-Core Values of US Culture: Not all Americans share the same views, of course, but thevast majority subscribes to these general ideals, including liberty, equality, democracy, individualism, unity, and diversity.-US Representative Democracy: a type of democracy founded on the principle of elected officials representing a group of people, as opposed to direct democracy-Voter Turnout in the US: the percentage of eligible voters who cast a ballot in an election-Articles of Confederation: 1781 The Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union was an agreement among the 13 original states of the United States of America that served as its first constitution-Delegates to the Constitutional Convention°Virginia - George Washington, James Madison, Edmund Randolph, George Mason°Pennsylvania - Benjamin Franklin, Gouverneur Morris, Robert Morris, James Wilson°New York - Alexander Hamilton°New Jersey - William Paterson
°Massachusetts - Elbridge Gerry, Rufus King°Maryland - Luther Martin°Connecticut - Oliver Ellsworth, Roger Sherman°Delaware - John Dickinson°South Carolina - John Rutledge, Charles Pinckney°Georgia - Abraham Baldwin, William Few°New Hampshire - Nicholas Gilman, John Langdon°North Carolina - William Blount-Great Compromise:

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