Sociology Study Guide #1.docx - Definitions Sociological...

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DefinitionsSociological Mindfulness- how we perceive the world around us and how much attention we pay to itSociological Imagination- quality of mind that enables its possessor to grasp the connection between his or her personal biography and larger historical social developments Troubles- occur within the individual and within the range of his immediate relation with othersIssues- deal with local environments and the range of the individual's lifeTheory-statements of how and why particular facts about the social world are relatedMethods-scientific way that a researcher chooses to test a social theory or conceptInductive Reasoning- begin with observations and attempts to make theoretical generalizationsDeductive Reasoning- begins with theoretical proposition and tests it against observationsPrimary Socialization-when a child learns the attitudes, values, and actions appropriate to individuals as members of a particular cultureSecondary Socialization-the process of learning what is the appropriate behavior as a member of a smaller group within the larger society.Role Taking-The process of assuming the role of another individu alto understand their point ofviewGeneralized Other- ability to take the role of one, but several “generalized others” to define anddirect themselves and behaviorCultural Process-consists of people doing something in line with their understanding of what one might best do under the circumstances.1.According to Peter Berger, what is the “first wisdom of sociology”? Use a concrete example to illustrate this principle.The first wisdom of sociology is that things are not what they seem. There are many different layers to each situation depending on the way one looks at it. 2. According to C.W. Mills, developing a “sociological imagination” requires understandinghow a society’s most significant social problems are the result of social “issues” rather than “troubles.” First, define the term “sociological imagination.” Next, distinguish social “troubles” from social “issues.” Last, use a concrete example to explain how a social

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