Anatomy Study Guide.docx - Bio 127 Study Guide for Midterm Exam 1 The Language of Anatomy Surface Anatomy online game Directional Terms describe

Anatomy Study Guide.docx - Bio 127 Study Guide for Midterm...

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Bio 127 Study Guide for Midterm Exam 1) The Language of Anatomy Surface Anatomy online game Directional Terms: describe position of external structure o Anterior: Front o Posterior: Back o Ventral: Front o Dorsal: Back o Superior: above, towards the head o Inferior: below, towards feet o Proximal and Distal: ONLY used when describing two points the SAME limb (arm or leg) Proximal: closer to where arm or leg inserts into body Distal: Further away on from where arm or leg inserts into the body o Medial: Closer to midline o Lateral: Further from midline Planes: cut body into slices called planes or sections o Sagittal: Plane lengthwise cut: divides body into left and right o Mid-sagittal: Cut through midline o Frontal Plane: Sideways cut divides body into anterior and posterior o Transverse Plane: Horizontal cut. Divides the body into superior (upper) and inferior (lower) o Oblique Plane: Oblique angle, any diagonal section o Coronal Plane: Frontal plane Body Cavities: protect delicate organs and allow organs to change shape and size o Dorsal Cavity: Contains cranial cavity (formed by skull & contains brain) and spinal cavity (formed by vertebral & contains spinal cord) o Ventral Body Cavity: Separated all 3 o Thoracic Cavity: Right pleural cavity (right lung), pericardial cavity (heart), and left pleural (left lung) o Abdominopelvic Cavity: Abdominal cavity (stomach, liver, spleen, kidneys, small intestine & most of large intestine) & pelvic cavity (bladder & internal reproductive organs) 2) Dissection of Rat/Pig Copy rat dissection page in my binder x3
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Name organ system with each of the organs or body structures: ________________ thymus, spleen, lymphatic vessels ________________ bones, cartilage, tendons ________________ pancreas, pituitary gland ________________ trachea, bronchi, lungs ________________ epidermis, dermis, cutaneous sense organs
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