Unit 6: American Growth and Division Section 1: “Era of Good Feelings” American Nationalism ● War of 1812 left many Americans with feelings of pride, patriotism, and nationalism ○ Nationalism is loyalty and devotion to the nation ● Time period after the War of 1812 became known as the Era of Good Feelings ○ Also refers to the James Monroe presidency ● Main Idea : Americans developed powerful feelings of patriotism and national unity after the War of 1812. American Nationalism (Continued) ● U.S. Emerged from the War of 1812 w/ heightened sense of nationalism ● Causes 1. Victories in war of 1812 ○ Battle of N.O. ○ U.S. now capable of defending itself against world powers 2. Death of Federalist party ● Temporarily reduced sectionalism and state rights entiments 3. Decline of economic and political dependence on Europe 4. Westward expansion and optimism about the future The Monroe Doctrine’s Intent President Monroe made four basic statements: 1. The United States would not get involved in European affairs 2. The United States would not interfere with existing European colonies in the Western Hemisphere. 3. No other nation could form a new colony in the Western Hemisphere 4. If a European nation tried to control or interfere with a nation in the Western Hemisphere, the United States would view it as a hostile act against this nation .
How Other Countries Viewed the Monroe Doctrine Great Britain: ● The British thought it was directed to towards them and its Canadian claims ● British textbooks refer to it as “security” while Latin American texts refer to it as “economic interests” Brazil: ● The Napoleonic Wars and the continental blockade affected the trade between North America and Latin America. ● The United States and Britain took their time with acknowledging the Brazilian Independence and The U.S was the first to realize afterwards. Caribbean: ● The Americans made it very clear to other colonies/countries that they were in control of the american hemisphere; britain has no power over them ● Americans and other countries joined a warning to not invade spain ● Felt threatened Mexico: ● The Mexican text is more critical of the ambition of the U.S. and how it thought it could control land without anyone’s agreeing France: ● France wanted to remind Latin America that their security relied on their Royal Navy, not America. ● They saw American independence as an unfriendly act. They did not take the Doctrine seriously, believed it to be a bluff.
American Growth and Division: Section 2: Early Industry ● Industry flourishes in northeastern USA ● Plentiful streams and rivers provide water power for mills.
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