American Political Parties Ch. 13
DEFINITION • A group of persons who seek to control government • An organization of voters who all support similar policies and styles of government • ELECTION-ORIENTED • Winning = control
ROLE OF PARTIES • 1. Nominate candidates/run campaigns • 2. Proposing/formulating policy • 3. Organize government (Congress) • 4. Connect citizens to gov - unity (linkage) • 5. Educate electorate – inform the public/give cues to voters
TWO PARTY SYSTEM • An electoral system in which two dominant parties compete in national elections • Rare in the world – most multiparty
The two-party system The Democratic Party evolved from Anti-Federalist factions that opposed the fiscal policies of A. Hamilton in the early 1790s. T. Jefferson and J. Madison organized these factions into the Democratic-Republican Party. The party favored states' rights and strict adherence to the Constitution; it opposed a national bank and wealthy, moneyed interests. The Democratic-Republican Party ascended to power in the election of 1800. Andrew Jackson is generally considered The first Democratic president (1829-1837).
Liberal v. Conservative Liberals : believe the government must play a big role in society, especially by setting rules for business and the economy. They believe this is necessary to ensure fair treatment for many groups, especially the poor, and certain minorities, such as Native Americans, African Americans, Hispanics, and others. Liberals usually think the wealthy should pay a larger share of their income in taxes. While many liberals worry about government spending, they usually remain strong supporters of government programs that help poor and middle-income groups. Many Democrats are liberal.
G.O.P • Founded by anti-slavery expansion activists in 1854, it is often called the GOP (Grand Old Party), although the rival Democratic Party is older.
Liberal v. Conservative • Conservative: Want to limit the role of government. • While liberals stress “fairness,” conservatives tend to stress “freedom.” • For example, they say businesses and individuals should be as free as possible to make decisions without government interference. • They say many regulations add to business costs and slow the economy, hurting rich and poor alike.
- Fall '19
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