ch._13_student_notes.pptx - American Political Parties Ch...

  • No School
  • AA 1
  • 46

This preview shows page 1 - 10 out of 46 pages.

American Political Parties Ch. 13
Image of page 1
DEFINITION A group of persons who seek to control government An organization of voters who all support similar policies and styles of government ELECTION-ORIENTED Winning = control
Image of page 2
ROLE OF PARTIES 1. Nominate candidates/run campaigns 2. Proposing/formulating policy 3. Organize government (Congress) 4. Connect citizens to gov - unity (linkage) 5. Educate electorate – inform the public/give cues to voters
Image of page 3
TWO PARTY SYSTEM An electoral system in which two dominant parties compete in national elections Rare in the world – most multiparty
Image of page 4
PARTY SYSTEMS
Image of page 5
The two-party system The Democratic Party evolved from Anti-Federalist factions that opposed the fiscal policies of A. Hamilton in the early 1790s. T. Jefferson and J. Madison organized these factions into the Democratic-Republican Party. The party favored states' rights and strict adherence to the Constitution; it opposed a national bank and wealthy, moneyed interests. The Democratic-Republican Party ascended to power in the election of 1800. Andrew Jackson is generally considered The first Democratic president (1829-1837).
Image of page 6
Liberal v. Conservative Liberals : believe the government must play a big role in society, especially by setting rules for business and the economy. They believe this is necessary to ensure fair treatment for many groups, especially the poor, and certain minorities, such as Native Americans, African Americans, Hispanics, and others. Liberals usually think the wealthy should pay a larger share of their income in taxes. While many liberals worry about government spending, they usually remain strong supporters of government programs that help poor and middle-income groups. Many Democrats are liberal.
Image of page 7
G.O.P Founded by anti-slavery expansion activists in 1854, it is often called the GOP (Grand Old Party), although the rival Democratic Party is older.
Image of page 8
Liberal v. Conservative Conservative: Want to limit the role of government. While liberals stress “fairness,” conservatives tend to stress “freedom.” For example, they say businesses and individuals should be as free as possible to make decisions without government interference. They say many regulations add to business costs and slow the economy, hurting rich and poor alike.
Image of page 9
Image of page 10

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 46 pages?

  • Fall '19

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask ( soon) You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes