ig_student (1).pptx - INTEREST GROUPS STUDENT NOTES...

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DEFINITION advocacy group, lobbying (lobbies) group, pressure group, or special interest = interest groups a group that is determined to encourage or prevent changes in public policy (ALL LEVELS) without trying to be elected
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Definition An interest group is an organized body of individuals who share some political goals and try to influence public policy To lobby is to try to influence gov’t decisions through petitions or other means
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EXAMPLES AARP (American Association of Retired People) *nation’s largest IG Single-issue IG Sierra Club (Environment) Environmental IG NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People) Social movement group American Farm Bureau Federation Agricultural IG NOW (National Organization of Women) Pharmaceutical Research Manufacturers of America (PhRMA) AIPAC (American Israeli Public Affairs Committee) Single-issue IG National Rifle Association (NRA) Single-issue IG NEA (National Education Association) Professional IG AMA (American Medical Association) Professional IG US Chamber of Commerce Business IG AFL-CIO (American Federation of Labor – Congress of Industrial Organizations Labor IG
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NOT Political Parties Do NOT nominate people for office Support candidates publicly and monetarily (PAC) Do NOT win elections Control or influence policies of government ( Issue Networks ) Do NOT focus on every issue Specialize d in the interest
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Are interest groups good or bad for Americans politics? PLURALISM : Many interests and groups prevents one from being too powerful Linkage Institution – links people and government, gives voice to people Federalist 10 – factions are bad, but a necessary evil ELITE AND CLASS : Most interest groups have no power Power held by business groups – MONEY HYPERPLURALISM : TOO MANY GROUPS Government trying to please everyone, resulting policies are haphazard and ill-conceived Ex. – support removing business regulations and support environment protection???
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