Sociology Notes Chapter 9.docx - Chapter 9 Race and...

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Chapter 9 Race and Ethnicity - Social Construction of Race and Ethnicity o Race: a group sharing apparent physical traits deemed by society to be socially significant o Human genome project: genetically all human beings are nearly identical o Ethnicity: a group’s national origin, language, and cultural or religious practices o Minorities: less powerful groups dominated politically and economically by a more powerful group, discriminated on the basis of characteristics deemed socially significant by the majority - Minority and Dominant Group Relations o Expulsion: the process of forcibly removing people from one part of the coun try to another o Segregation: practice of spatially or socially segregating people on the basis of race/ethnicity o Assimilation: absorption into the dominant culture; The melting pot Example: irish, Italian immigrant o Cultural pluralism: coexistence and groups characterized by acceptance and respect for differences: “The salad bowl” - Theoretical Approaches to ethnicity, racism, and minority status o Functionalist perspective- status quo oriented o Durkheim’s mechanical solidarity: social groups held together by shared language and culture are more durable and stable Explains cohesion of ethnic groups such as Cuban Americans, Armenian Americans o Racism cannot be positively functional for a community or society because it marginalizes some members of the group May be functional for some, but dysfunctional for others o Conflict perspective
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