8:26 MSC 101.docx - MSC 101 Early Navigation Capt Cook\u2019s voyages tested John Harrison\u2019s Chronometer at sea with a time check with the Transit of

8:26 MSC 101.docx - MSC 101 Early Navigation Capt Cook’s...

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8/26/19 MSC 101 Early Navigation Capt. Cook’s voyages tested John Harrison’s Chronometer at sea with a time check with the Transit of Venus in Tahiti. Capt. Cook rose by merit not by heredity. o Unheard of at the time o Knew there was a large land mass to the south because there were no large storms (Antarctica) o Prevented scurvy Galleons could only sail windward. Beagle ’s voyage with Darwin is one of the greatest impacts because of his theory of evolution. Challenger - shortening sail; took in a lot of data o Sir Wyville Thomson led the voyage o Used steam power Fridtjof Nansen. o 1 st to cross Greenland in 1888 o Found wreckage of Janette o Led Nansen to hypothesize the Trans Polar Drift Stream o Inuit taught him how to build and use kayaks and dog sleds
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