CogoTextbookNotesChp5NonDemocraticRegimes.html - Cogo Chapter 5 Democratic Regimes Learning Objectives \u2022 \u2022 \u2022 \u2022 \u2022 Def Democracy and explain

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Cogo Chapter 5 Democratic Regimes Learning Objectives Def Democracy and explain components Comp various explanations regarding why dem has/hasn’t emerged Comp exec, leg, and judgy institutions in their construction Distinguish among parliamentary, pres and semi-pres institutions Eval diff between and benefits of plurality, majority, and proportional electoral systems Bolded words modernization theory = as societies become better educated and more economically sophisticated, they need and desire greater control over the state to achieve and defend their own interests theory fell out of favor in the 1970s civil society - NON-STATE orgs that help people define and advance their interests executive - the branch of government that carries out the laws and policies of the state head of state - the executive role that symbolizes and represents the people both nationally and international head of government - executive role that deals with the everyday tasks of running the state, rule of law - sovereignty of law over the people and elected officials republicanism - indirect democracy that emphasizes the separation of powers within a state and the liberal democracy - a political system that promotes participation, competition, and liberty, and Constitutional court Judicial review concrete review - judicial review that allows the constitutional court to rule on the basis of actual legal abstract review - judicial review that allows the constitutional court to rule on questions that do not arise vote of no confidence - vote taken by a legislature as to whether its members continue to support the Electoral system Prop Rep SMD MMD Defining Democracy the word democracy has inherently positive connotation due to word's symbolism, many individuals and organizations describe themselves as democratic, but define the term in very different ways capitalist countries view communist systems as not democratic, but communist countries don't see capitalist countries as democratic either democracy - a political system in which power is exercised either directly or indirectly by the people subjective, emphasizes individual freedom and keeping with the ideology of liberalism liberal democracy - a political system that promotes participation, competition, and liberty, and
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emphasizes individual freedom and civil rights rooted in the ideology of liberalism with an emphasis on individual rights and freedoms ◦many liberal democracies have social democratic political-economic systems, which emphasize ◦welfare much more than individual rights and curtail individual freedoms in favor of greater equality mercantilist countries like India, Japan, Taiwan, and South Korea have developed liberal democratic ◦institutions Origins of democracy have their roots in ancient Greece and Rome duh Athenian and early Greek democracies provided the foundation for the concept of public participation
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