Minds.docx - Running head MINDS BRAINS AND PROGRAMS Minds...

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Running head: MINDS, BRAINS, AND PROGRAMS Minds, Brains, and Programs Name Institutional Affiliations
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MINDS, BRAINS, AND PROGRAMS 2 Minds, Brains, and Programs Chinese Room experiment was performed by John Searle to support that artificial intelligence (AI) especially computers can or do think. The experiment is based on two main arguments that syntax does not suffice for semantics and that brains cause minds ( Searle, 1980). According to Searle, a computer is not only a device used in studying mind but also a mind of itself if programmed appropriately. Computers with appropriate programs can “understand” and possess additional mental states. According to Searle (1980), there are weak and strong AI, whereby in weak AI, computer systems simulate thoughts where real thought appears as if they are not real. In strong AI, Searle related an English speaker in a room given Chinese writing and script, and English instructions to relate the Chinese writing and script ( Searle, 1980). From this experiment, Searle concluded that the computer does not understand anything. Therefore, no matter how intelligent the
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