Theology Midterm 2019 - Katelyn Bray Theology 1 March 2019...

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Katelyn Bray Theology 1 March 2019 Theology Midterm 1(a) The first noble truth comes from the word dukkha, which is the truth of suffering. Our lives are involved with many kinds of suffering no matter who you are or how old you may be. A quote from “Words of Truth” that was informative of the first noble truth from verse 278 was, “All conditioned things are dukkha (III), when one sees this in wisdom, then he becomes dispassionate towards the painful. This is the Path to purity.” (Para. 2 pg 134) Suffering is a meaning which includes physical, emotional, and mental pain within a human’s body. In life, we have illness, poverty, disease, old age, and death, however we can’t keep what we enjoy and avoid what we don’t enjoy. In this quote, it explains the true meaning of dukkha and how it portrays that suffering is a way of life no matter how painful it may. This is because all suffering exists in this universe no matter what. Dukkha is a part of everyone and is a part of fundamental nature of our phenomenal world. 1(b) The five aggregates of mind and body are forms (rupa), consciousness (Vinnana), perceptions (Sanna), feeling tones (Vedanda), and lastly thought formations (Sankhara). “...the five aggregates are dukkha thus reveals that the very things we identify with and hold to as the basis for happiness, rightly seen, are the basis for suffering that we dread” (Para. 2 pg. 73). The aggregate of form represents the physical body, with its sense faculties, as well as its desire for material objects. The aggregate of consciousness is the basic awareness of an object that is necessary to all cognition. The aggregate of perceptions is responsible for understanding the qualities of things and also accounts for recognition and memory. The aggregate of feeling tones is the affective element in experience , either pleasant, unpleasant, or neutral. When an object is experienced, that experience takes on these emotional tones that will cause a different reaction
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depending on which tone is used. The aggregate of thought formations includes all volitional, emotive, and intellective aspects of the mental life. These five aggregates of the mind and body all make up one’s personality and their mental state. 1(c) In Buddhist understanding, the three characteristics of mind and body taught under the First Noble Truth are, impermanence (Anicca), Unchanging self (Anatta), and Dissatisfaction, suffering (Dukkha). Impermanence means that all conditioned things are in a constant state of uncertainty. All experiences of the mind and body from impermanence is by how quickly we are able to arise and pass away, moment to moment. In the second characteristic of Anatta, mindfulness meditation reveals the ability to eliminate “self” within our own mind and body. By mindfully observing our perceptions, feelings, and thoughts that narrow down the sense of “self” to which we cling, is found to be a moment by moment creation of thought. In dukkha, which is
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