Unit 5 Study Guide - Marriage Family \u25cf Difference between family and household \u25cb Two or more people who consider themselves related by blood

Unit 5 Study Guide - Marriage Family ● Difference between...

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Marriage & Family: Difference between family and household Two or more people who consider themselves related by blood, marriage, adoption, or agreement who share social life Household: people who occupy the same housing unit How each of the sociological perspectives view the family, including functions of the family Structural Functionalism Reproduction : produces new members for society Protection : provides safety for children and cares for the sick and elderly Socialization : mainly into gender roles, also into being a productive member of society Regulation of sexual behavior : shares this responsibility with schools and churches Affection & Companionship : essential for emotional wellbeing Provides Social Status : social class & odds of economic success largely depend on family Conflict Theory Family keeps resources where they already are, which maintains inequalities that already exists within society Family reproduces traditional gender roles that contribute to continuing gender inequalities Symbolic Interactionism Family is a symbol that holds different meanings for different people Each member of the family has a role to play How life and marital satisfaction change with the birth of a child Life satisfaction after the addition of a child tends to increase; however marital satisfaction tends to decrease due to competition for affection & attention Family differences based on social class Social Class & Culture Upper Classes: concerned with family lineage & preserving wealth/ privilege MIddle classes: emphasize achievement and respectability; have fewer children & fewer single mothers Lower classes: issues related to poverty; higher divorce rates; higher incidence of single-mother households Cohabitation v. Marriage If the level of commitment is the same as that of marriage, satisfaction is still high Divorce rates of those who cohabitate before marriage is the same as couples who did not Why abused spouses stay Fear, children, want to change their partner Dynamics of gay/lesbian families Same as families with a mom & dad Politics & Economy: Authority and legitimate violence
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Government claims the exclusive right to use violence and the right to punish everyone else who uses violence Weber’s types of authority including how authority is transferred in each, and be able to recognize examples Traditional Authority: based on custom E.g. monarchies; parents transfer determined by customs and lineage; people know who is next in line Rational-Legal Authority: based on law or written rules and regulations
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