Textbook Exercises 5.4 - Charli Lawson.docx - Running head TEXTBOOK EXERCISES 5.4 Textbook Exercises 5.4 Charli Lawson PHL\/410 Dena Hurst 1 TEXTBOOK

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Running head: TEXTBOOK EXERCISES: 5.4 1 Textbook Exercises: 5.4 Charli Lawson PHL/410 November 20, 2017 Dena Hurst
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TEXTBOOK EXERCISES: 5.4 2 Textbook Exercises: 5.4 For each of the following examples of induction or analogical reasoning, decide whether or not the argument is valid in light of the standards discussed in 5.2 and 5.3. Explain your answer. 1. A random sample of 1,000 Oregonians found that 51% favored the war in Iraq. Therefore, 49% of all Oregonians are opposed to the war. 1. Invalid – This argument is random and not complete. This argument does not allow the opinion of the people they say are opposed to the war. This argument spoke with the people that are for the war, and assumed the rest were not for the war. 2. “Now if we survey the universe, so far as it falls under our knowledge, it bears a great resemblance to an animal or organized body, and seems actuated with a like principle of life and motion. A continual circulation of matter in it produces no disorder: a continual waste in every part is incessantly repaired; the closest sympathy is perceived throughout the entire
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Unformatted text preview: system: and each part or member, in performing its proper offices, operated both to its own preservation and to that of the whole. The world, therefore, I infer, is an animal, and the Deity is the soul of the world actuating it, and actuated by it.” (Hume, 1779, 82-3) 2. Valid- The similarities that are listed in this argument are relevant and sufficient; the world is a part of the universe and that point is made here. Both the actual world and the universe operate to its own preservation. TEXTBOOK EXERCISES: 5.4 3 3. Among the students taking the history of philosophy this term, John, Shane, Michael, Roberta, Ofelia, Louise, Abigail, Suzanne, and Flora prefer the philosophy of Kant to that of Hegel. I have yet to talk with Jennifer and Martin, but I suspect that they will prefer Kant as well. 3. Valid- Though the conclusion has been stretched a bit, the argument is random, appropriate, and objective simple....
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