APY 202 - Ranked and Stratified Societies 1 Ranked societies a Every person has his\/her own social status i No social classes 1 Nobles nobilities 2

APY 202 - Ranked and Stratified Societies 1 Ranked...

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Ranked and Stratified Societies 1. Ranked societies a. Every person has his/her own social status i. No social classes 1. Nobles/ nobilities 2. Commoners a. A sliding scale i. Anyone above= nobility ii. Anyone below= commoner b. Theoretically possible to line up everyone in a culture and give them a particular rank i. Ranking on basis of clan membership 1. Conical clans a. Point at the top b. Patrilineal ranking i. First born son of first-born son of first-born son would be #1 1. Basis of descent order from a common ancestor c. element of ranking in every interaction i. know who is above and below you because you live in same village your whole life 1. if you leave your village a. go to higher ranking village- be at bottom b. go to lower ranking village- have some status d. royal Hawaiians, Polynesians, Scottish clans, biblical Israelites 2. chief a. top of ranking i. not like petty chief or headman ii. gets authority from ancestors 1. their representative b. local chief in each village i. villages are also ranked 1. doesn’t matter too much a. interact mainly with people within same village ii. ranking based on kinship c. paramount chief i. chief in #1 village ii. above everyone
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1. first-born son of first-born son… c. people have equal access to resources but not equal access to positions of authority i. member of clan = access to clan resources 1. expected to help other members of the clan if something bad happens a. unity ii. chief can tell other people what to do 1. E. Pueblo were able to call people out to do the work a. A conical society 2. Because he is closest to the ancestors iii. Clan itself is the whole tribe 1. Most clans occur where there is some kind of ecological diversity a. Particularly the case with Polynesian clans b. Produce a surplus i. First time this is really seen ii. Goes to centralized economy c. First fruits i. Very first, very best from harvest goes to paramount chief 1. Goes to him not because he is the chief, but because he is representative of ancestors a. Giving to ancestors 2. Throws a party for the villagers a. Gives them gifts i. Some villages are fishing villages, some are farming, some don’t have a lot of food resources but there are beautiful birds with feathers that fall ii. Redistribution network 3. Redistribution a. Tribal bank i. Will support widow ii. Used for group as a whole iii. Chief redistributes it to rest of people b. Local chiefs partake as well i. Everyone can keep up and have what they need ii. Not in as large of a scale as paramount chief iv. Chief if chief not because who he is but because of ancestry
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1. Chance he won’t actually be a good chief 2. Also, the judge of different disputes a. Because he is the representative of the ancestors b. Gets tribute i. From people just because he is chief ii. Goods from other villages they have subdued c. Possibility that judge isn’t based on merit i. Might be who has given more tribute or who he likes better ii. Most of the time makes right decision because he grew up in chief household 1. Knows what makes a good chief 2.
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  • Fall '08
  • Gifford

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