Lecture 3.pdf - Humans go through physical and mental development from birth along with moral development Physical mental cognitive and intellect enable

Lecture 3.pdf - Humans go through physical and mental...

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Humans go through physical and mental development from birth, along with moral development. Physical, mental, cognitive and intellect enable children to follow instructions, obey norms, traditions, customs and rules set by the authorities. It is important to understand the individual moral development as it is crucial in the formation of individual with good moral values within the society. 2
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Kohlberg found that there is a sequence in the children’s development. It is divided into three levels and 6 stages. Level One : Pre-conventional Stage One is also known as the ‘obedience and punishment’ phase or ‘obedience and punishment orientation’ phase. Physical effects determine good or bad behaviour. Children behave or do good things to avoid punishment. They want to get reward from people with superior physical power. 3
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Level One : Pre-conventional Stage Two : Individualism and Counter-balance. Behaviour and action that can fulfil needs and necessities are considered good. Children are aware that good behaviour is a channel to satisfy the needs of their loved ones and themselves. Children will start to notice that other people also have needs like they do. Thus, children will refer to their loved ones to get what they want. 4
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Level Two : The Conventional Level Stage Three the agreement between individual or interpersonal observance orientations. Good behavior is an act fulfilling the expectations of loved ones. Children do good things or morally correct things to obey their loved ones. Stage Four Social norms/orientation instructions and law Good or bad behavior are determined by loyalty and social order by performing social duties and responsibilities Children see other people as part of a social system which determines the roles and responsibilities of each individual. They are able to determine behaviors and actions based on the law they should obey. 5
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Level Three : Post-Conventional Morality Stage Five related to social contract. Contract-legalistic social orientation is certain values agreed by a community which includes social rights and rules to achieve agreement and determine what is right. Children will be aware that each human being has different opinions. Nevertheless, there should be an agreement or consensus to determine what is fair in order to close the gap.
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  • Spring '18
  • jane

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