Pueblo.docx - Pueblo\u2019s Revolt \u2013 A Victory Or Defeat In 1598 Juan de Onate was awarded a contract for the colonization of New Mexico after

Pueblo.docx - Pueblo’s Revolt – A Victory Or Defeat In...

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Pueblo’s Revolt – A Victory Or Defeat? In 1598 Juan de Onate was awarded a contract for the colonization of New Mexico, after Coronado’s fruitless search of the seven cities of gold. The arrival of Onate and the Spanish entourage brought chaos and bewilderment into Pueblo society. The competing interest of the Spanish Civil Authorities and the Franciscans helped in the continuation of mistreatment of the Pueblos, which eventually culminated in the short conflict also known as Pueblo revolt of 1680. This revolt brought rapid social change for the Pueblos Indians. The political policies and beliefs that shaped the historical background helps one to understand the causes of the Pueblo Revolt. Colonial expansion under the Spanish Empire was first initiated by the Spanish conquistadores and further implemented by the monarchy of Spain through its administrators and missionaries. This expansion is one of the contributing causes for the Pueblo revolt. Spain conceived of a single kingdom for all Pueblo Indians under one governor but with so much hardship, compounded by recent outrages, it galvanized anti-Spanish fervor to the point of revolution. The reasons for colonial expansion were two-fold. First, the Spanish were interested in obtaining natural resources to increase their wealth through trade and, secondly, to spread the Christian faith through indigenous conversion. These steps that the Spanish were taking were all part of their plan to overtake the indigenous peoples land and that the invasion was only the first part. For many years the Spanish had forced the Natives into labor and punishment. The Spanish leaders led the Natives with a very strict and forceful nature. From around 1610 until the Revolt of 1680 the main goal of the Spanish was to turn the Natives into Spaniards. Not only were they forced into hard labor but were also forced to practice the Spanish religion of Christianity. Many of the Native children were baptized at a young age by the priests that came from Europe as if they were their own. The Priests also supervised the construction of the churches which were built by the Natives as a form of punishment and the forced converting of religions. Although, the Spanish had a harsh rule about
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