Screen Shot 2019-12-02 at 10.14.47 AM.png - Chapter One Notes CORR 100 Human Relations Starting with self and person perception Perception The means

Screen Shot 2019-12-02 at 10.14.47 AM.png - Chapter One...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter One Notes CORR 100 - Human Relations Starting with self and person perception Perception: The means through which wc become aware of our physical and social surroundings. 000000 Allows us to relate to others Involves selecting, organizing, interpreting, and categorizing Enables understanding and assimilation Gives meaning to self and others Combines feeling and thought (the filtering process) Connects us to our world and fosters awareness Perceptual errors: Errors that distort our vision and influence our interactions with others: Common perceptual errors: 0 Stereotyping: A perceptual error in which we lump different individuals together by wrongly attributing them to common characteristics Selectivity: A process in perception that perpetuates stereotypes. When we have a stereotype, we often uncensciously but actively look for things in others that confirms it, and disregard perceptions that are inconsistent with our stereotype. Self-fulfilling prophecy: seeing what one expects to see as a result of one's behaviour or expectations Pygmallon effect: A tendency to attribute positive characteristics to, or hold positive expectations of. persons about whom (groundless) positive information has been provided Halo effect: A general impression of a person based on one or two characteristics Reverse halo effect: A perceptual error occurs when people form a negative general impression of an individual based on a single negative characteristic, or a limited number of negative characteristics, attributed to that individual. Attribution errors: making mistakes when attributing causes or sources of behaviour - Fail to distinguish between unstable and stable causes - Identified actor-observer differences contribute to errors in attribution Actor-observer differences: A factor contributing to perceptual errors. depending on whether one is the agent of the action of the spectator of it ...
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