Warren_et_al_week 10.pdf - Occupational Stratification across the Life Course Evidence from the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study Author(s John Robert Warren

Warren_et_al_week 10.pdf - Occupational Stratification...

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Occupational Stratification across the Life Course: Evidence from the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study Author(s): John Robert Warren, Jennifer T. Sheridan, Robert M. Hauser Reviewed work(s): Source: American Sociological Review, Vol. 67, No. 3 (Jun., 2002), pp. 432-455 Published by: American Sociological Association Stable URL: . Accessed: 09/02/2012 10:45 Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of the Terms & Conditions of Use, available at . JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new forms of scholarship. For more information about JSTOR, please contact [email protected] American Sociological Association is collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve and extend access to American Sociological Review.
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OCCUPATIONAL STRATIFICATION ACROSS THE LIFE COURSE: EVIDENCE FROM THE WISCONSIN LONGITUDINAL STUDY JOHN ROBERT WARREN ROBERT M. HAUSER University of Washington University of Wisconsin-Madison JENNIFER T. SHERIDAN University of Wisconsin-Madison Sociologists frequently study changes across cohorts in the consequences offamily background, gender, education, and cognitive ability for occupational outcomes. This study focuses, however, on how the consequences of these variables change within the course of individuals' lives. To appropriately estimate changes across the life course in the determinants of occupational standing, corrections are made for measurement errors in variables, and data on siblings are used to account for all aspects (measured and unmeasured) offamily background. The analyses use data from the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study, which provides multiple measures of sib- lings' occupational standing at four points in their lives. Models of sibling resem- blance show that the effects offamily background on occupational standing operate entirely through their effects on education and cognitive ability. The effects of edu- cation decline across the life course, while the effects of ability remain small but persistent. In comparing men and women, substantial differences are found in career trajectories and in life course changes in occupational returns to schooling. SOCIAL SCIENTISTS have carefully ocumented relationships among fam- ily background, race, gender, education, cognitive ability, and occupational standing. They have also examined changes in these relationships across cohorts in the twentieth century (DiPrete and Grusky 1990; Feather- man and Hauser 1978; Hout 1988, 1996). Far less is known about changes that occur within individuals' lives in the consequences of these variables for occupational standing, even though the absolute and relative impor- Direct all correspondence to John Robert War- ren, Department of Sociology, University of Washington, 202 Savery Hall, Box 353340, Se- attle, WA, 98195 ([email protected]).
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