Class 5 Literary Studies Minutes.docx - Introduction to...

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Introduction to Literary Studies I15thof November 2019Class 5: A Closer Look at the Textual Level(Viktoria Mogg, Stefanie Mousa und Maria Pachernegg)Key Terms: (iconic) sign, iconicity, metaphysical poetry, metaphor, simile, conceit,alternating rhyme, eye rhyme, orphan, layout, concrete poetry/Bildgedicht, freeverse1 The Raven by Edgar Allan PoeFirstly, the communicative situation has many different elements. There is an unnamed narrator, the speaker, who must be some sort of scholar and who is suffering from his loss of his lover Lenore, who he misses terribly. The recipients are a couple of different entities. Not only does he talk to the night, but also to the raven and himself. Furthermore, the spatial setting is a chamber. We do not get a lot ofinformation of what’s inside the room, but what we know is, that there are lots of books. The temporal elements that are mentioned in the poem are that it’s midnight, it’s dark outside, it’s bleak December and there is a storm outside as well.On the one hand, the speaker’s internal motivation is to share this story with someone. On the other hand, his external motivation is to show people how to write good poetry, to get famous and to makemoney. What is not itself from the text deductible is that Edgar Allan Poe wrote this poem for a specific reason. He wanted to write great poetry and to show how it’s done. He also once said that the most poetic thing is the death of a beautiful woman.1.1 Main themes and meaningDeath appears in multiple forms. Not only in his dead lover Lenore but also in the connotation of the Raven. The speaker is asking the raven if he will ever by reunited, if there is an afterlife which the birdanswers with nevermore.1.1.1 Mood/SettingThe speaker feels freaked out. There is sense of terror, tension and also suspense. Is there a ghost? Is my dead lover talking to me? Those questions strongly resemble gothic fiction, where ghosts, vampires and werewolves play a big role and are used regularly. Moreover, descriptive elements like darkness, a storm, midnight and being alone in his chamber create a scary atmosphere. Even more sowhen he starts speaking to the raven and interaction between them gets more and more significant.
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Introduction to Literary Studies I15thof November 20191.2 What does the raven symbolise? How does the speaker interpret the raven?
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