machavelli.pdf - From the Ancient to the Modern Political World(9\/16 \u25cf Plato's student Aristotle(384-322 BCE \u25cb Famous with disagreeing with Plato

machavelli.pdf - From the Ancient to the Modern Political...

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From the Ancient to the Modern Political World (9/16) Plato's student, Aristotle (384-322 BCE) Famous with disagreeing with Plato He said that when constructing the best regime, we should focus on lack of corruption amongst the rulers Came to the US with 3 correct forms of government: Rule by the one (kingship), rule by the few (aristocracy), and rule by the many (polity) Tyranny, oligarchy, and democracy is what happens when each one of those things is corrupt Mixed Government- The Roman Republic Consuls= Kingship Senate= the few aristocratic Plebs= peasants (one, few, many) Roman Republic: Earthly Glory via Politics (Cicero, 106 BC-43 BC) The End of Rome at the hands of Alaric the Goth (410 AD) St. Augustine, The City of God(vs. the City of Man): Lessons from Rome's fall True happiness cannot be found on Earth The Middle Ages are "Dark Ages" from the Standpoint of Western Political Thought, because they are apolitical "Render unto Caesar the things that are Caesar's, and unto God the things that are God's" (Mark 12:17; Matthew 22:21) "Let every soul be subject unto the higher powers. For there is no power but of God: the powers that be are ordained of God (Romans 13:1, King James Version) They are to endured because they are tests of your soul Summum Bonum (the neoplatonism dimension) and the Catholic Church… and the forces that worked to undercut them The church is there to help get your soul good understood by the church The Protestant Reformation and the Wars of Truth The Scientific Revolution Copernicus, Galileo Politically: Renaissance as Rebirth Niccolo Machiavelli (1469-1527): Life and Times Watches his government be replaced by Friar Savonaarola Florence's republic institutions had to be purified, rid of corruption He cannot change the world because he doesn't have force of arms Tortured because they thought he was in involved in a plot Retired at a farm and then he socialized in the present, then communed with the Roman past (Francesvo Vettori, p. 69) Prince The Content of the Form- very structure of the book is part of its argument Republic orPrincipality
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Hereditary or New Added to Hereditary or Completely new Own Skill or Good Fortune/Arms of Others Good Fortune Arms/Arms of Others (Lorenzo De Medici's position) The Machiavellian Revolution Classical World (4 virtues) leads to the path of Earthly glory (via politics) Middle Ages (says the above is wrong) (City of God, other worldly glory) Modern World (Virtu) (The Prince, Chs. 15-24)- Earthly Glory Fortune (Goddess Fortuna) Hold cornucopia signifies great Fortune and the other hand is steering the rudder of a ship symbolizing she can change the direction of your fate at any moment How is Fortuna Won over? With skill, or Virtu. The Machiavellian virtuoso plays the music of the present (160-161; 126-127) Virtu is determining according in present circumstances, how to act.
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  • Fall '08
  • Biebricher

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