HI-165-LT1.pdf - HI 165 LT#1 History as Project Historiography as its tool \u2022 History o Foundation of society o Events that happened in the past \u2022

HI-165-LT1.pdf - HI 165 LT#1 History as Project...

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HI 165 LT#1 06/14/19 History as Project, Historiography as its tool History o Foundation of society o Events that happened in the past Historiography o Writing/recording of the past o Filtered through the lens/perspective/experiences of someone “The Historian’s Task in the Philippines” – J.S. Schumacher Rizal’s View of History – basic goals of historians 1) Understanding the past (not just listing it down) 2) Cultivation of a national identity (a country cannot know itself if it doesn’t know its past) 3) Inspiration for the future Obstacles Recovery of the past o Philippine history = extremely difficult to recover § Oral (spoken) and aural (heard) culture Way of passing of tradition Difficult to keep the saying throughout § Sources aren’t available in the PH (Spain, Washington) Imbalanced study o Usually high points are usually what’s written down § Spanish period, Martial Law, etc. Lack of Method o Political aspects were placed first before Rizal introduced the Historical Critical Method Philippine Historiography 1) Pre-Colonial Kasaysayan Saysay à say something with a purpose 2) Colonial History (Spanish and American period) 3) Nationalist History (1870s/1960s) 4) Marxist History (1970s) Popular philosophy 5) Postmodernism and The Turn Towards Culture Greater importance to culture Pre-Colonial History or Kasaysayan Oral history, lore, knowledge passed down from older to younger generations Scientific, practical, medical knowledge such as use of plants, environmental peculiarities, geographic and topographic lore, knowledge and classification of animals and plants Epic chants (Hinilawod), songs, traditional oral performance such as ducts for men and women Colonial Historiography of the Spanish Era Early chroniclers were Spanish officials or clergy Need to justify colonization by pointing out deficiencies of indigenous culture and superiority of Spanish culture Pivotal points were from the Spanish perspective o i.e., arrival of Magellan, reign of Governor-Generals everything good in Philippine culture was due to Spain and everything bad was indigenous later, dismissed as Eurocentric and thus not reflective of Philippine history and culture Nationalist Historiography of the Late 19 th Century identified with propagandists and intellectuals of the mid to late 19 th Century o Jose Rizal, Marcelo del Pilar, Apolinario Mabini, etc. o Pedro Paterno, Isabelo de los Reyes, Trinidad Pardo de Tavera, Leona Florentino (one of the first published Filipina writers) Reaction against the colonial historiography of the Spaniards Prevailing theme was the attempt to establish equality with the Spaniards in terms of “civilization” Religion, morals, material culture, literature, language, music, and the like *Filipinos were considered immoral 20 th Century Historiography Early 20 th Century, American Colonial Historiography o Same aims as Spain but more far-reaching and through because of public schools Use of media *power of media
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