Buse 140 quizzes 2:10.pdf - 1 The common law may be...

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1. The common law may be described as: a. Correct. Common law, or judge-made law, is a set of general legal principles that evolved over time through court decisions. A cornerstone of both American and English legal systems is: 2. A cornerstone of both American and English legal systems is: 1. Correct. Stare decisis, the doctrine of relying on precedent, is a cornerstone of both the American and English legal systems. B 3. Which of the following is not a primary source of law? 1. Correct. A legal encyclopedia is a secondary source of law; it is not a primary source of law because it does not establish law but rather organizes and summarizes existing laws and legal doctrines. D 4. If a law that violates (conflicts with) the U.S. Constitution is challenged in court, the court will: 1. Correct. No law, regardless of its source, will be enforced if it violates the U.S. Constitution. C 5. Civil law may best be described as: 1. Correct. Civil law governs relations between persons and between persons and the
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Unformatted text preview: government. A 6. The commerce clause of the U.S. Constitution authorizes: 1. Correct. The commerce clause authorizes Congress to regulate commerce "with foreign nations, and among the several States, and with the Indian Tribes." 7. Police powers allow states to: 1. Correct. Police powers allow states to regulate some private activities in the interest of protecting the public health, safety, and general welfare.C 8. The establishment clause:Correct. The establishment clause prohibits the establishment of an official religion. A 9. Courts traditionally give the right of free speech: 1. Correct. Courts will protect the right to free speech to the fullest possible extent.C 10. If a law or action prohibits or inhibits some people from exercising a fundamental right, the law or action will be subject to what level of scrutiny by courts? 1. Correct. Strict scrutiny is the proper level of scrutiny for cases involving fundamental rights. C...
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