[POS] LT NOTES.pdf - DEFINITION OF POLITICS What is politics The activity through which people make preserve and amend the general rules under which


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DEFINITION OF POLITICS What is politics? - The activity through which people make, preserve and amend the general rules under which they live - Revolves around conflict and cooperation - Arendt’s “acting in concert” “Thinking without barriers” - Search for conflict resolution or the product of conflict resolution itself - Ensures diversity and scarcity - Problem with “association and difficulty of addressing what the subject is about” Politics as the art of the government - Everything outside the machinery of the government is non-political - What concerns the state deprived of “what concerns the polis/city-state” of ancient Greek society known to be the cradle of democratic government - Exercise of control within the society through the making and enforcement of collective decisions - Anything non-political is considered to be outside the state - The study of politics is seen as the study of the government or exercise authority - Offers a restricted view of politics - The traditional view of discipline Politics of public affairs - Ability to differentiate public and private sphere - traditional / distinction conforms to the division between the state and civil society - The alternative distinction is about the political and the personal - Politics as public affairs has generated both positive and negative reactions - “Man by nature is a political animal” Nature DOES NOT make a mistake We reason out, we try a place to thrive to reason out Exercise freedom of speech “Nature makes us likes this” We are bound to destined to reason out to each other - Public and private (family; nonpolitical) (there is distinction) - Family can be political = can not have the same power - The intensity of power (different) there is power - A broader conception of political thought as “public life” - The distinction between public and private sphere - Areas that individuals can and do manage themselves can be called “nonpolitical” - The alternative distinction, public and personal Businesses, community groups , clubs seen as public to which the public has access
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Politics can thus be found in the workplace Personal = family and personal relationships Politics as compromise and consensus - Seen as a particular means of resolving conflict; that is by compromise, conciliation, and negotiation rather than through naked force and power - The art of possible - Accepting that conflict is inevitable - Key to politics in this view is a wide dispersal of power - Frustrating and difficult because it involves listening carefully to the opinions of others - “Politics is the activity by which differing interests within a given unit of rule are conciliated by giving them a share in power in proportion to their importance to the welfare and the survival of the whole community” - As stoker put it “politics is designed to disappoint; its outcomes are often messy, ambiguous and never final” Politics as power - Broadest and most radical term -
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  • Spring '16
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