Policy-brief-wp3.pdf - EUROPEAN POLICYBRIEF G Hammerschmid S Van de Walle A Oprisor and V \u0160timac Coordinating for cohesion in the public sector of the

Policy-brief-wp3.pdf - EUROPEAN POLICYBRIEF G Hammerschmid...

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- EUROPEAN POLICY BRIEF - P a g e | 1 In response to economic pressures, increasing demands on public sector performance and a decreasing trust in government, a wave of public administration reforms were introduced over the last decades with the aim of transforming and improving public services, and often based on experiences and concepts from the private sector. Supported by international organizations and embraced to various degrees by most European countries, this movement, known as New Public Management (NPM), has been the most dominant reform paradigm for over two decades. In more recent years however, NPM reforms have increasingly been met with criticism regarding unintended effects such as fragmentation and diminished coordination, lower social cohesion, or negative consequences on the ethos and motivation of public sector employees. Surprisingly, clear empirical evidence on the impact of NPM with regard to both intended performance improvements and unintended consequences is still rather scarce. Current studies and evaluations are often based on rather limited empirical evidence, have a tendency to focus on single countries, policy sectors or specific elements of NPM-style reforms and do not allow for a pan-European perspective. A key goal of the COCOPS project was to provide novel and systematic quantitative data on NPM reforms and their impacts in Europe. In 2012, a large scale survey was launched among senior executives in the European public sector as knowledge carriers and actors involved at close range in the conception and especially in the implementation of reforms. This policy brief summarizes the results of this public executive survey. With answers from 4,814 senior officials across the first ten countries (Austria, Estonia, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Spain, and the UK) it has become the largest high-level survey of this kind ever conducted in European public administrations. The current policy brief captures the views and experiences of senior officials in Coordinating for cohesion in the public sector of the future (COCOPS) G. Hammerschmid, S. Van de Walle, A. Oprisor and V. Štimac This policy brief summarizes the findings from a large-scale executive survey on public administration reforms in Europe, and presents initial policy recommendations for current and future reforms. September 2013 EUROPEAN POLICY BRIEF
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- EUROPEAN POLICY BRIEF - P a g e | 2 the central government and offers much-needed systematic comparative evidence regarding current public administration reform in Europe. Over the last two decades, most European countries have seen the influx of a broad number of rather different reform trends. Overall (see figure 1), we find that digital/e-government, public sector collaboration and cooperation, transparency and open government are currently the most important reform trends. The main wave of NPM-type reforms such as privatization, agencification/corporatisation or contracting-out seems to be over and increasingly superseded by a new agenda of partnership- and network-oriented government arrangements and reforms.
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