Psych 1000 Chapter 7B _Learning_ _2018_.ppt - Chapter 7 LEARNING What is Learning 3 Main theories Classical Conditioning \u2022 Operant conditioning \u2022

Psych 1000 Chapter 7B _Learning_ _2018_.ppt - Chapter 7...

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LEARNING What is Learning? 3 Main theories Classical Conditioning Operant conditioning Social Learning theory Chapter 7
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Q: Alcohol has its effects by: A. increasing GABA. B. decreasing glutamte. C. decreasing serotonin. D. increasing acetylcholine. E. Both A) and B). PRACTICE EXAM QUESTION
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Q: In Pavlov’s study, when he teaches the dog to salivate to a bell, the bell is the: A. Unconditioned stimulus B. Conditioned stimulus C. Conditioned response D. Unconditioned response E. Both A) and B). PRACTICE EXAM QUESTION
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REVIEW Classical Conditioning (Little Albert) Prior to Learning USC(loud noise) UCR(fear) cs (rat) no response Learning Trials ucs (loud noise) + cs (rat)= ucr (fear) After Learning Trials
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REVIEW Classical Conditioning Extinction CS(rat) without UCS(loud noise) UCR (fear) Initially Over Time CS(rat) without UCS (loud nosie) eventually no response
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TREATMENTS based on Learning Theory Based on Classical Conditioning EXPOSURE THERAPIES expose the phobic patient to the feared stimulus (cs) without any (UCS) allowing extinction to occur 1.Systematic Desensitization 2.Flooding 3. Aversion therapy
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EXPOSURE BASED TREATMENTS 1.Systematic Desensitization: :reducing anxiety through counter condtitioning i) fear hierarchy ii) relaxation therapy iii) gradually increase exposure to feared stimulus while engaging in the relaxation techniques
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2. Flooding: reducing anxiety through extinction Compleate exposure to feared stimulus and eventually habituation occurs Extinction(cs) (spider) without negative consequences ucr(fear) initially Maintain Exposure Over Time cs (spider) no response eventually FLOODING Learning based treatments
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3. AVERSIVE CONDITIONING Pair an aversive stimulus with an undesired behavior Substance Abuse - Antabuse - Violently ill when combines with alcohol Sexual Offenders - covert sesnstization - shock therapy Learning based treatments
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3. COUNTER-CONDITIONING Pairing an aversive (negative) stimulus with an undesired behavior EXAMPLE –Treating “Rubber pants fetish” in imagination pair rubber pants with something repulsive over time rubber pants cause revulsion (naseua) rather than arousal Learning based treatments Covert sensitization – a type of aversive contit
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Can Classical Conditioning Make us Sick and Healthy Again ? improving the well being of cancer patients chemotherapy used to treat cancer patients causes naseaua and vomiting after treatment ANV (Anticipatory Nausea and Vomiting) 20 -50 become nauseated and vomit way before chemp ucs (sickness caused by treatment)+cs(treatment or iv needles CR(naseau) So, pair CS with relaxation & pleasant images
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  • Fall '13
  • TomHaffie

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