Molecular Bio review - 1 2 3 4 Distinguish the difference...

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1. Distinguish the difference between anabolism and catabolism. 2. Distinguish the difference between trans and cis fatty acids. 3. Draw and label the parts of an enzyme. 4. Define competitive, non-competitive , and end-product inhibition, and state why this can either be harmful or beneficial. 5. State three factors that affect enzyme-catalysed reactions.
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1. Anabolism is the enzyme’s reaction that convert small, simple molecules into a large, more complex molecule. Catabolism is the reaction that convert large, complex molecules into smaller, simple molecules. 2. Cis fatty acids are naturally curved with a double bond with the hydrogen on the same side. Trans fatty acids are straightened and are not natural and have the the hydrogens are on opposite sides are the double bond
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Unformatted text preview: 3. . 4. ● Competitive Inhibition: a competitive inhibitor molecule competes directly with the substrate for the active site of an enzyme ● Non-competitive inhibition: involves an inhibitor that interacts with another site on the enzyme ● End-product inhibition: prevents the cell from wasting chemical resources and energy by making more of a substance than it needs It can be harmful because the inhibitors can prevent necessary substrates from interacting with the enzyme, but it can be beneficial by not wasting resources and preventing harmful substrates from blocking the enzymes 5. ● Temperature ● pH ● Substrate concentration Enzyme Substrat e Non-competit ive inhibitio n site Active site...
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