Course Hero Logo

Kinesiology Notes.doc - Kinesiology Notes Anatomical Terms...

Course Hero uses AI to attempt to automatically extract content from documents to surface to you and others so you can study better, e.g., in search results, to enrich docs, and more. This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 11 pages.

Kinesiology NotesAnatomical Terms1.Anterior- the front2.Posterior- the back3.Lateral- to the side4.Medial- towards the middle or midline5.Superior- above6.Inferior- below7.Proximal- limbs, extremities, or joints close to the center of the body8.Distal- limbs, extremities or joints farther from the body9.Superficial- muscle layer closest to the skin10. Deep- muscle layer closest to the bone11. Anatomical Position- parallel feet, palms frontJoint Action1.Extension- increasing the angle between two levers2.Flexion- decreasing the angle between two levers3.Hyperextension- increasing the angle between two levers greater than 180 degrees4.Abduction- movement away from the midline5.Adduction- movement toward the midline6.Rotation-movement around the central axis of a levera.Internal- medialb.External- lateral7.Circumduciton-combination of movement where the proximal is fixed but the distal is moving. (Rond de jambe)8.Inversion- rotation of a limb inward, toward the front of the body (sycling)9.Eversion- rotation of a limb outward, toward the back of the body (winging)10. Pronation- action of the tarsus bones of the foot, which is a combination of abduction and eversion (rolling in on foot)11. Supination- combination of adduction and inversion (rolling out on foot)12. Dorsiflexion- ankle movement into flexion (dorsi=top of foot) –flexing foot13. Plantarflexion- extension of the ankle joint moveing toward the plantar surface14. Radial/Ulnar Deviationa.Radial- laterally moving towards the thumbb.Ulnar- laterally moving towards the pinky15. Protractions- contractions, movements that contracts or flexes forward16. Retraction- movement that flexes backwards or posteriorallyBone and Joint Structure1.Ossification- hardening of the bone2.Epiphysial Line- region of the long bones where growth occurs3.Articulation- points at which two or more bones meet to form a joint4.Articulating Surface- surface of the bone that contacts the other bone5.Hyaline Cartilage- dense cushioning material found on the articulating surface; covers the ends of opposing bones
6.Synovial Membrane- connective tissues encasement around a joint; “joint capsule”7.Synovial Fluid- lubricating fluid secreted by synovial membrane into the joint capsule 8.Ligaments- non-elastic connective tissue that connects bone to bone9.Tendons- elastic connective tissues that connects muscles and bone10. Bursa- tiny, fluid-filled sacks that serve as “ball bearings” at the bodies high friction points11. Meniscus- semi-lunar shaped cartilages; build up at the sides of a flat, articulating surfaceBony Landmarks1.Trochanter- large chunk of bone2.Tuberosity- medium chunk of bone3.Tubercle- little bone chunk of bone4.Crest- large ridge or border of bone (pelvis)5.Line- smaller ridge of the bone (femur)6.Spine- projection of bone (scapula)7.Head- spherical shaped bone; beyond a narrow necklace portion of bone8.Condyle- big segments of bone at the end of hones, frequently serving as joint articulation9.Fossa- big cavity or depression, indentation10. Fovea

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

End of preview. Want to read all 11 pages?

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Term
Spring
Professor
N/A
Tags
hyaline cartilage, joint structure

Newly uploaded documents

Show More

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture