BEM 4351 Unit 5 essay.docx - Running head HAZARDOUS...

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Running head: HAZARDOUS MATERIALS AND THEIR MANAGEMENT 1 Hazardous Materials and Their Management Unit V Essay Frank J. Seay II Columbia Southern University BEM 4351- Environmental Technology
HAZARDOUS MATERIALS AND THEIR MANAGEMENT 2 In the society of today, millions of gallons and pounds of hazardous wastes are created every year. These wastes are usually the byproduct of some industrial or commercial processes. A hazardous waste is a material that is usually the result of a process that can cause injury, illness, death and environmental damage. (Nathanson and Schneider, 2015). These wastes pose an immediate and significant threat to the environment if they are not properly stored, transported or disposed of. Waste is considered a hazardous waste if I meets certain characteristics or is on a list of known wastes that is listed by the EPA. Manufacturing and industry processes, specific industries and discarded unused commercial products are all materials contributing to these listed waste streams. More than 80% of all industrial wastes (by mass) are moderately hazardous, slightly hazardous and practically non-hazardous waste. Less than 10% waste is extremely hazardous and highly hazardous (M.I., 2019). There are four main characteristics that a waste can have that will deem it hazardous waste. The ability of a waste to ignite, its corrosive ability, its ability to react with other substances and how toxic the waste is are the characteristics as listed by the EPA (EPA, 2019). Ignitability of a hazardous waste is the ability of the waste to ignite when exposed to a heat source of flame. Compressed gases that are ignitable, any l iquid wastes that have flash points below 60 °C, any non-liquids that cause fire when put in certain circumstances, or oxidizers that are considered ignitable fall in this category (EPA, 2019). The EPA assigned category number for these wastes is D001. The corrosivity of a hazardous waste is the ability of the waste to cause corrosion in materials when it comes into contact with the waste. Any wastes with a ph of 2 or less, any wastes with a ph greater than 12.5 and any waste liquids that are corrosive to steel are examples
HAZARDOUS MATERIALS AND THEIR MANAGEMENT 3 that fall into this category (EPA, 2019). The EPA assigned number for this type of waste is D002. The reactivity of the waste is the ability of the waste to cause a reaction when it meets air, water, and other materials. A reactive waste is a waste that has a reaction when heated, mixed with water or another product or chemical. These wastes are normally unstable as well they give off fumes and capable of explosion with or without heat. The EPA assigned number for this category is D003. (EPA, 2019).

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