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1Personality Perspective: Social Cognitive and HumanisticMelissa A. HawleyJuly 1st, 2019PSY/203Sara Malloy
Personality Perspectives: Social Cognitive and Humanistic2
Personality Perspectives: Social Cognitive and Humanistic3Personality Perspectives: Social Cognitive and HumanisticPsychologist such as Julian Rotter, Albert Bandura, Walter Mischel, Carl Rogers andAbraham Maslow each theorized their own models of personality that differed from SigmundFreud’s Psychodynamic Perspective and Trait Perspective theories such as the Big Five Model.“Social-cognitive theorists believe that personality consists of individuals’ repertoires ofbehavior and ways of thinking about themselves and the world.” (Nevid, 2015).The HumanisticPerspective suggest that personality is ever growing and changing along our pathway of life andnot just a final destination.Social Cognitive PerspectiveBehaviorist believe that our personality is a total of an individual’s learned behaviors.B.F. Skinner’s classical and operant conditioning are the basis on how behavior is learned andnot the unconscious mind.How an individual has been reinforced in the past, rewarded orpunished, will affect the behaviors they develop.The social cognitive theory suggest that weconsider social and cognitive factors that influence our behavior not just reinforcements.Socialand cognitive factors are the expectations and value placed on the result of our behavior.Theorist such as Julian Rotter believe individuals learn behaviors by observing and imitatingothers in social situations. (Nevid, 2015).Julian Rotter theorized that to be able to predict aperson’s behavior one would need to understand the person’s expectancies and subjective valuesas well as their reinforcement history.Expectancies are personal predictions about results ofbehavior, and subjective value is the importance placed by the individual on desired outcomes.Rotter also suggested that some individuals possess and internal locus of control, while otherspossess an external locus of control.People with an internal locus of control believe they are incontrol of the outcomes in their lives, while people with an external locus of control feel as if