Torts Attack Outline - Andrew LIndsay.docx - Table of...

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Table of ContentsBATTERY..................................................................................................................................2Elements...........................................................................................................................................2A)A acts volitionally (Polmatier)......................................................................................................................2B)Intends to cause contact w/ P of a type that is harmful or offensive..........................................................2C)If A’s act causessuch a contact....................................................................................................................2CONSENT.................................................................................................................................3Elements...........................................................................................................................................3Exceptions.........................................................................................................................................3Definition..........................................................................................................................................3Examples...........................................................................................................................................3TRESSPASS...............................................................................................................................5Elements...........................................................................................................................................5DEFENSE OF PERSON AND PROPERTY......................................................................................7Elements...........................................................................................................................................7Typical Case.......................................................................................................................................7General Principles..............................................................................................................................7Policy.................................................................................................................................................7NECESSITY...............................................................................................................................8Private Necessity - Typical case..........................................................................................................8Elements...........................................................................................................................................8Examples...........................................................................................................................................8NEGLIGENCE............................................................................................................................9Overview...........................................................................................................................................9ALTERNATIVE LIABILITY..........................................................................................................10Multiple D’s (Summers v. Tice).........................................................................................................10D’s Neg = Background risk (Kingston v. Chicago) (Fire Train Case)....................................................11MARKET SHARE LIABILITY (Sindell v. Abbot Labora)...............................................................12DUTIES AND LIMITATIONS.....................................................................................................13PROXIMATE CAUSE................................................................................................................14Absurd Logic – Off Scope of Liability................................................................................................141
Intervening Causes..........................................................................................................................15STRICT LIABILITY IN GENERAL................................................................................................16Animals...........................................................................................................................................16Abnormally Dangerous Activies.......................................................................................................17NUISANCE.............................................................................................................................18RESPONDEAT SUPERIOR........................................................................................................19In General........................................................................................................................................19Is Employer Negligent (Bushey).......................................................................................................20Is Employer Exerting Pressure (Konradi)..........................................................................................21PRODUCTS LIABILITY.............................................................................................................22In General........................................................................................................................................22MANUFACTURING DEFECTS.............................................................................................................23Is there an issue on the production line (Welge)...............................................................................................23Involves a product’s service (Welge).................................................................................................................24Does this involve food?......................................................................................................................................25DESIGN DEFECTS..............................................................................................................................26In General..........................................................................................................................................................26Involves a beneficial product (Dawson).............................................................................................................26Involves the appeal of the product....................................................................................................................27FAILURE TO WARN (MARKETING DEFECTS)......................................................................................28Is the marketing issue common knowledge......................................................................................................28Implicates the ordinary consumer (Brown).......................................................................................................29Introduced by a third-party? (Liriano)...............................................................................................................30Involves unavoidable substances like drugs......................................................................................................31A.2
B. BATTERYBattery (& Assault) - R § 18 (3 Elements)1) ElementsA commits battery upon B if:A) A acts volitionally (Polmatier)Not reflexive, against one’s will, done to threaten one’s life (Laidlaw)Irrational acts do not vitiate volition (Polmatier) 1)Hypo: if an individual claims to be a supreme being and claims he can make a bullet avoid someone, his insanity might be relevant b/c no intent to touch.B) Intends to cause contact w/ P of a type that is harmful or offensive i.Intentional inference with inviolability of one’s person even if child (White) (Chair Hypo)ii.Objective standard of intent (Brzoska)iii.Evidence of unlawful intent or conduct (Vosburg)1. If intent is unclear check for transferred intenta.Different intended target (Keel)3
b. Different type of touch intended (Knight)C)If A’s act causessuch a contactEggshell skull rule: you are liable for full expense
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C. CONSENT1) ElementsA has obtained B’s consent if:a) B gave consent in fact – express, affirmative consentb) B gave apparent consent – B reasonably relied on a manifestation of concent2) ExceptionsB’s consent is vitiated if:a) A exceeds the scope of consent B describedb) R § 52.

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