pirates lectures.pdf - Talking about medieval pirates \u25cf \u25cf Medieval piracy=sea raiding state-sponsored\/initiated Barbarians and pirates the Goths \u25cf

pirates lectures.pdf - Talking about medieval pirates...

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Talking about medieval pirates Medieval piracy=sea raiding? state-sponsored/initiated Barbarians and pirates: the Goths Goths: prime movers of the barbarian invasions, solders for/sackers of rome 238CE the Goths appear in the historical record (as “scythians”) 250s: sea raiding Black sea: Aegean, siege the athens Why did they raid? How good were their ships? Arab pirates in the mediterranean: the historical background ninth/tenth centuries Continuing importance of the Byzantine navy Greek fire: spray flame thrower, burns water Fall of the Umayyads (8th cen) fragmentation of Arab power in the western Mediterranean A new age of piracy? On the fringes of conquest: the corsairs of chandax and other Muslim pirates 814: expulsion of rebels from Al-Andulas- some rebels head to crete, capture it Chandax (Iraklion) Aghlabid conquest sicily (827 onwards) Pirate bases in italy: Taranto, Bari Ghazi on razzia 847: attack on rome Pope panicked and built a wall on the vatican Byzantine pirate-hunters Basil I and the “massifying the fleet” Recapture of Bari 871 Makes a deal with the german emperor High admiral Niketas Ooryphas: would torch pirates ships Pirates of the Riviera: Fraxinet 890: founding of Fraxinet Control alpine passes 972: capture of Abbot of cluny (higher than pope morally) Saint bernard Arab colony? May have taught the local franks
More enclaves and scholarly solution Gaeta enclave (882) burning of Montecassino (883) Leo of Tripoli and the destruction of Thessalonica (904) Emperor Leo (the philosopher) Romanos ii and crete (960) Kievan Rus’: a pirate state? Eastern vikings: Varrangians Normanist controversy Russian primary chronicle Ryurik Raiding Constantinople 860: first attack Russians were there before as traders 907: Oleg’s attack: chain on harbours, wheels on boats 911 treaty: trade privileges and free baths 941: igor’s attack: traders, raiders and spies? Vladimir’s conversation to christanity Pirates or pagans: the Neretlijani Also Narentines Narona; “ Pagania” Ships: sagena (sagitta arrow) type Venetian shipping and the protection racket Pietro Orseolo, doge of venice (1000) Nostra chaxa! (our house) Pirate legends : the lioness of Brittany Jeanne de belleville Husbands death 91343) and hundred years war Very wealth, had her own lands Took her sons to see their dead father what the french did Painted ships black, dyed the flags red (black fleet) Captures french and beheads them Historical evidence Lecture 5- sea dogs Sir john hawkins (1562-1569) Sir francis drake(1566-1569) mexica/aztec and inca Cimarrones By 1600 there was a production of sugar Silver and sugar were big Hernen cortez, set out in a base in cuba (1519) Reached mexica city battled for 3 months, he took over mexica city for rule

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