Chapter 9 rock - Chapter 9 Rock*Popular music*Again hard to...

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Chapter 9: Rock *Popular music *Again hard to pin down *Many sub-styles- folk, pop, jazz, grunge, heavy metal…………… Nature of Rock Music - Mass art form – pop music - Commercial art form (producer as “author”) - Connected to visual arts, fashion, TV - Connected to teen culture Birth of Rock: Nonmusical Factors - Several factors come together after WW II o Post war economic boom o Invention of teenager o Bland Suburbs o Civil Rights Movement o Rise of television o Development of technology Birth of Rock: Musical Factors - Slow gradual process - All the ingredients in place by the 1950’s - Influence of 3 musical style o Rhythm & Blues (R&B) o Country o Gospel R&B Influence - Most important influence on rock - Blues electric Chicago sound
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o Model for instrumentation o Electric guitar, acoustic bass, drums, harmonica o Also rough timbre, showy performances Jump Blues (Jump Music) - Dance style similar to swing - Smaller ensembles, fast tempos - Louis Jordan: “Caldonia” Importance of Radio - Strong radio signals broadcast R&B nationally - Alan Freed (1922-1965) o “Moon Dog’s Rock and Roll Party” radio show, 1951 o Copyrights “Rock and Roll” o Promotes music, organizes concerts o 1960 payola scandal (bribed to play certain songs) First Rock Recordings - Sam Phillips founds Sun Records o Big studios would not record, produce, market black artists o Ike Turner; “Rocket 88” 1951 o Joe Turner “Shake, Rattle and Roll” Bill Haley and the Comets - White band - Cover “Rocket 88” and others - “Rock around the Clock” (1955) original tune Elvis Presley (1935-1977) - Poor, religious upbringing, exposed to gospel - Walked into Sun Records in 1953 - 1954 records blue cover “That’s All Right Mama”
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- By 1956 on national TV: Ed Sullivan Show - Late 1950’s string of number 1 and top 10 hits - Drafted by army, returns in 1960 but never achieves same popularity - Not an innovator but helps style spread nationwide - Recording companies wanted white musician with black sound - Elvis music and performance style linked to black R&B style - “Hound Dog” – Big Mama Thornton then Elvis Rock in the 1950’s - Many performers trying to match Elvis’ success - Sun Records records many early legends o Johnny Cash, Carl Perkins, Roy Orbison, Jerry Lee Lewis o Country artists experimenting with R&B - Some black artists trying country - Gospel influence: Little Richard, Ray Charles o Singing style, piano style o Doo wop style: 4-5 singers with tight harmonies Musical Characteristics of Rock *Rhythm - Fast tempo - 4 meter: emphasis on the backbeat 1 2 3 4 - Straight rhythm (not like blues) - Syncopated, catchy *Melody - Simple, tuneful - Simple repeating short phrases, narrow range *Harmony - Simple, predictable, 3 or 4 chords
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- Often 12 bar blues form *Texture – homophonic
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