Counselling.docx - Counseling an Old Man Running Head Counseling an Old Man Name Institution Date 1 Counseling an Old Man 2 Erikson's model of lifespan

Counselling.docx - Counseling an Old Man Running Head...

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Counseling an Old Man 1 Running Head: Counseling an Old Man Name: Institution: Date:
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Counseling an Old Man 2 Erikson's model of lifespan development This section shows the Erikson’s model, the conflicts that occur in each stage, and the adaptive strength that develops from resolution of the conflict. Erikson who is one of the major contributors in the field of developmental psychology proposing one of the most comprehensive theories that explain the ways in which an individual develops his/her identity, that is, they develop a sense of who they are and the society’s influence on their development. Infancy (Autonomy versus Shame) The stage between birth and 18 months is a very important stage in a life of a person because it represents a stage in which a relationship between the infant and its mother or primary caregiver develops (Erikson, 1985). The trust that a child develops becomes the cornerstone of a healthy personality not only as a child but also when he/she becomes an adult. When Ronald was growing up, he did not spent enough time with his parents because his parents were successful business persons who were always committed to their businesses. As a result, they did not spend much of their time with Ronald. Ronald indicates that despite the love he had for her mother, he did not know her very well. This shows that Ronald did not have enough of this stage with his mother. Although he loved her mother, her mother did not commit much time as she was supposed to because she was committed in her businesses. This may be the factor that is contributing to his lack of trust toward the world. The only good memories of childhood that Ronald has are the one he enjoyed with his five nannies during his childhood. Early Childhood (Autonomy vs. shame, doubt) According to Erikson (1985), this represents the stage between 18 months and three years old. During this stage, the child increases his/her ability to coordinate actions such as holding or letting go and the ability to exert his/her will. This also represents the stage in which a child is
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Counseling an Old Man 3 trained how to use the toilet. This represents one of the most important stages in an individual’s life because encouraging a child during this stage enables him/her ability to survive and be dependent on others. Failure to encourage a child during this stage makes him/her develop feelings of lack of self-esteem, doubt, and shame. This period represent a period in which Ronald was under the care of nannies. Ronald does not have good memories of her mother as he is supposed to; rather, he has good memories of his two nannies. This may help explain the reason why Ronald is not able to maintain good relationships even with his wife because he did not develop the feelings of self-esteem during his childhood.
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  • Winter '16
  • Professor Obura Oluoch

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