Big Five Dimensions of Personality1Running Head: Big Five Dimensions of PersonalityName:Institution:Date:
Big Five Dimensions of Personality2IntroductionPersonality is a very important factor in an individual’s life. According to Alkahtani, Abu-Jarad, Sulaiman, Nikbin (2011), personality refers to an individual’s characteristics that account for consistent patterns of feeling, behaving, and thinking. There are many studies supporting the big five dimensions as ones that underlie and encompass other significant variations in personality. The dimensions of personality include agreeableness, extraversion, conscientiousness, openness to experience, emotional stability. The five dimensions have been discussed in this paper and matched to their respective organizational behaviors. DimensionsExtraversion dimension assesses the degree to which a person is comfortable with relationships. While extraverts display a high level of assertiveness, sociability, gregariousness, introverts display timidity, quietness, and reserve (Anglim & Grant, 2014). Agreeableness: The agreeableness dimension measures a person’s inclination to defer to others. People who are highly agreeable display cooperativeness, warmth, and trustworthiness. Highly agreeable people are also good natured and sympathetic. Personality traits displayed by such a person include friendliness, likeability, love, need for affiliation and friendly compliance. Individuals measuring low on agreeableness tend to display coldness, antagonism, and disagreeableness (Anglim & Grant, 2014). Conscientiousness: The conscientiousness dimension measures the person’s level of reliability. Highly conscientious people show a high degree of responsibility, are highly organized, persistent, and dependable. Highly conscientious people are hardworking and persevering. The individuals scoring low on this dimension are easily disorganized, distracted, and unreliable (Anglim & Grant, 2014).
Big Five Dimensions of Personality3Neuroticism: Neuroticism is also referred as emotional stability. Neuroticism taps an individual’s ability to withstand stress. People with high level of neuroticism have a tendency of being calm, self-confident, and secure. People who have negative scores in neuroticism show a high level of nervousness, anxiety, and depression (Anglim & Grant, 2014; McCrae & Costa, 1987). Openness to Experience: The openness to experience dimension is a measure of a person’s range of interests and fascination with novelty. People who score high in this dimension show a high degree of creativity, curiosity, and artistic sensitivity. People who score low in openness dimension are conservative and are comfortable in the familiar (Anglim & Grant, 2014).Analysis of DimensionsResearch on the Big Five dimensions has established a relationship these dimensions withother aspects of human life including job performance (Sautelle, Bowles, Hattie & Arifin, 2015).
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