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Running head: CASE STUDY 1Case study assessmentName of the studentName of the institutionDate
CASE STUDY 2Question 1.Mark 5Explain why Sarah has been prescribed insulin. Relate to the pathophysiology of type 1 diabetes and the mechanism of action of insulin.According to Janvier (2018) Type I diabetes is an autoimmune disease arising from the destruction of insulin-producing pancreatic cells. Type 1 diabetes is also known as juvenile diabetes or insulin depended-diabetes. People with type 1 diabetes do not produce enough of the hormone as their pancreas produces little to no insulin. Insulin is approved treatment for type1 diabetes for the control of the glycemic level, blood glucose levels or after meals. Insulin regulates glucose metabolism and lowers the blood glucose level. According to Cheerier (2016), It does so by promoting glucose storage, inhibiting gluconeogenesis, increase peripheral glucose intake and inhibits its breakdown to fat and amino acids.Question 2.Mark 10a) What are the onset, peak, and duration of action for NovoRapid insulin according to Bullock and Manias (2017)?Insulin has a specific timeline in which it works after it has been administered; when it starts working, when it works the highest and the time when the effects will be felt. Onset refers to the time the insulin start functioning in the body. The peak is the time when the insulin's effect will be felt at its maximum while the duration of action is how long the effects will last. Insulin is administered within 5-10 minutes before a meal. Rendering to Slattery (2018) once injected
CASE STUDY 3onset of action may take effect within 10-20 minutes while peak action effects may be experienced 1-2 hrs. The effects may last for up to 5 hrs. Duration of action for Novo Rapid insulin may be up to 24hrs.b) When should NovoRapid be administered in relation to food and why? Insulin should be administered subcutaneously 5-20 minutes before taking a meal considering that there are 1- 4 meals a day. Food intake increases the glucose levels and insulin ought to havebeen taken before to regulate the increased glucose levels. According to the American Diabetes Association, (2015), this will help to fast the blood glucose level 80-80 to 130 mg/dL, peak postprandial blood glucose less than 180 mg/dL 1 to 2 hours after the mealQuestion 3.Marks5a) Define hypoglycemia b) What causes hypoglycemia? c) What are the symptoms of hypoglycaemia? d) How is hypoglycaemia treated?