SEV-Teachers-conference-March2010_2.ppt - The Afghanistan war 2001-2010 the national interest and the human interest Richard Tanter Nautilus Institute

SEV-Teachers-conference-March2010_2.ppt - The Afghanistan...

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The Afghanistan war 2001-2010: the national interest and the human interest Richard Tanter Nautilus Institute at RMIT [email protected]
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2 Outline: Now a two-country war: Afghanistan, spilling over into Pakistan Origins and legal foundation of intervention Main players and strategy: government and UN-authorised coalition vs “anti-government forces” Political economy of the Afghan war: aid, corruption and the narcostate Current state of the war Pakistan and the neighbourhood Australian role and stated goals The national interest and the human interest The prospects of peace or victory
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5 Origins Afghanistan as a buffer state, and as a quasi nation- state Soviet war (December 1979 - February 1989) Civil war I: Democratic Republic of Afghanistan vs. the Mujahideen (Feb 1989 - April 1992) Civil war II: Warlords vs Taliban (April 1992- late 1996) Taliban government (1996 - late 2001) UN-authorised and US-led intervention and establishment of Hamid Karzai headed government (late 2001 - )
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6 Original legal foundation for international intervention: Security Council Resolution 1386 (2001), 20 December 2001 1. Authorizes , as envisaged in … the Bonn Agreement , the establishment … of an International Security Assistance Force to assist the Afghan Interim Authority in the maintenance of security in Kabul and its surrounding areas …; 2. Calls upon Member States to contribute personnel , equipment and other resources to the International Security Assistance Force, and invites those Member States to inform the leadership of the Force and the Secretary-General; 3. Authorizes the Member States participating in the International Security Assistance Force to take all necessary measures to fulfil its mandate;
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7 Main players Government and coalition forces Islamic Republic of Afghanistan US NATO plus UN Anti-government forces: Taliban Tribal/militia leaders/warlords Al Qaeda
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8 Afghanistan government and UN- authorised coalition Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Afghan National Army (ANA) Afghan National Police (ANP) supporting militia/warlord groups International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) NATO command Operation Enduring Freedom - Afghanistan US Afghanistan combat operation structure for Global war on Terror United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA)
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