Pre history of art.docx - Contents \u2022 \u2022 \u2022 \u2022 \u2022 \u2022 \u2022 \u2022 \u2022 \u2022 \u2022 \u2022 \u2022 \u2022 Introduction Prehistoric Rock Art Classical African Sculpture

Pre history of art.docx - Contents • • • • • •...

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Contents Introduction Prehistoric Rock Art Classical African Sculpture Impact of Hunting The Art of the Nomads Wooden Sculpture Bambara Farmers and their Art The Art of the African Kingdoms Kuba-Bushong Art Secret Societies Mask Art Art and Kinship Religious Art The Art of Witchcraft Art for Art's Sake For the chronology of early primitive art, see Prehistoric Art Timeline . Statuette in Terracotta (c.1,000 BCE) Nok civilization of Nigeria. PREHISTORIC ART For more information about Paleolithic, Mesolithic or Neolithic artefacts, see: Stone Age Art . For details of later eras, see: Bronze Age and Iron Age Art . Introduction The aim of this article is to place African tribal art in its social context rather than to discuss aesthetic appeal, stylistic zones, and the formal qualities of art objects. European art frequently uses symbols that are immediately meaningful to educated people - symbols of Christ, the saints, historical episodes. A knowledge of the meaning behind these symbols plays an important part in understanding and appreciating painting and sculpture . The same is true for African sculpture and other art forms: it is essential to discover whether a mask or a sculptured figure is made to entertain, frighten, promote fertility, or merely to be art for art's sake. We need to know whether a mask portrays a chief, a god, a slave, a were-animal, or a witch; whether a mask is worn on the head or over the face, carried, or secretly conserved in a cult-house. Although African art is presented here as an integral element of economic, social, and political institutions, in the final analysis the prime element is aesthetic. Despite the splendors of "classical" African art - like the sculptures of Nok , Ife , Benin - the main concern here is with the arts that continue to flourish in the chiefdoms, villages, and nomadic tents. (Note: For North African funerary art, and temple design, see: Egyptian Architecture .)
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Yoruba Statuette of Female Figure (c.1900) Dedicated to Shango, the god of thunder. ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS For examples of artworks of other civilizations, see: Art of Ancient Persia Chinese Art Chinese Pottery Japanese Art Art of India EGYPT For details of the architecture and other artforms from ancient Egypt, see: Egyptian Art . Egyptian Pyramids . ART OF ISLAM For a brief review of the influences and history of Muslim visual arts see: Islamic Art . DIFFERENT FORMS OF ARTS For definitions, meanings and explanations of different arts, see Types of Art . Prehistoric African Rock Art The earliest known prehistoric art of Africa - such as the Blombos Cave Engravings (c.70,000 BCE), the Diepkloof Eggshell Engravings (c.60,000 BCE), or the Apollo 11 Cave Stones (25,500-23,500 BCE) - was probably the work of yellow- skinned Bushmen, the aboriginal peoples of southern Africa.
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