HISTO165CABALQUINTO.pdf - Hi 165 REVIEWER CABALQUINTO Santiago Liwanag Vicente Sy Zamora I Locating the Study of Rizal in History An Overview of Key


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Hi 165 REVIEWER CABALQUINTO: Santiago, Liwanag, Vicente, Sy, & Zamora        I. Locating the Study of Rizal in History: An  Overview of Key Themes of Philippine History and  Philippine Historiography      REPUBLIC ACT NO.  1425  Rizal law 1956 “AN ACT TO INCLUDE IN THE CURRICULA OF ALL PUBLIC AND PRIVATE SCHOOLS, COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES COURSES ON THE LIFE, WORKS AND WRITINGS OF JOSE RIZAL, PARTICULARLY HIS NOVELS NOLI ME TANGERE AND EL FILIBUSTERISMO, AUTHORIZING THE PRINTING AND DISTRIBUTION THEREOF, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES” Principal authors -Claro M. Recto -Jose P. Laurel (Jose Paciano Garcia Laurel -Horacio de la costa and the bishops Section 1 -Everyone has to read Noli and El Fili -Walang takas sa Rizal Opposition against the rizal law -Sect.Rodrigo -Decosoro -was hinting on President Laurel’s past during the japanese reign -”Kami lumaban para sa kalayaan ng bansa pero ikaw gusto mo ibalik ang isang bayani na ang nasyonalismo ay hindi kami bahagi” The Historian’s Task  in the Philippines   Fr. Schumacher     -Put Rizal in histo Edward Carr -Tension between 2 theories of history -Objective compilation of facts -Subjective product of the historian who establish facts of history and masters them through interpretation *Facts exist apart from the historian; only becomes historical facts when studied historically significant by selection John H. Arnold -Distinction between history and past -How historians make sense of the past How to locate Rizal in HIstoriography? 1.Precolonial -Oral history -Practical -Pre-hispanic 2. Colonial -Spanish rule -Pivotal points from spanish perspectives 3.Emergence/ Nationalist -Where Rizal is part of -Propaganda movement -19th century
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Hi 165 REVIEWER CABALQUINTO: Santiago, Liwanag, Vicente, Sy, & Zamora -Reaction against colonization 20th Century -Critique of older histories -Colonial mentality -”Too much emphasis on great tradition” December 30, 1896 -Death of Rizal in Bagumbayan 1960’s -Text falls under 3 categories 1.Colonial institutions 2.Events, characters of Phil Revolution 3.Phil-American relations -Basis for modern historical scholarship -Critiques- Political histories -Civil and religious governance -National outlook -Monolithic view -Manila-centric 1970’s - 1980’s -Reax against doc.based history -Man-land relations, demography, native institutions -Marxist historiography -Dominant trend -Themes: primacy of economic factors and class conflict Postmodern Historiography *Morga sparked historical consciousness -According to Schumacher’s works Rizal is considered a Historian -Rizal’s view of history is objective Basic Goals of Historians 1. Understanding of the past 2. Cultivation of a natural identity 3. Inspiration for the future Obstacles to Achieving these Goals 1. Recovering the past - Willhem Henry Scott “Correct the past” 2. Imbalanced study 3. Method Emergence of Nationalist Historiography -Identified with the propagandist and the intellectuals of mid to late 19th century -Reaction against the colonial historiography ELITE <-> MASSES = HISTORY OF THE NATION
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