Copy of Berlin Airlift Roleplay Activity.docx - Name Berlin Airlift Role-Play Activity Historical Context WWII ended in 1945 when Germany and Japan

Copy of Berlin Airlift Roleplay Activity.docx - Name Berlin...

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Name______________________________ Berlin Airlift Role-Play Activity Historical Context: WWII ended in 1945 when Germany and Japan surrendered. The only two nations with large armies and developed economies were the United States and the Soviet Union. The other mother countries (France, Britain, Germany, Italy, Spain, Japan) suffered during the Great Depression and World War II. Because the US and USSR were the most powerful nations, who had their armies and navies scattered around Europe, they were called “superpowers”. The USA had saved Western Europe, the Soviet Union had saved Eastern Europe, but they saw the world very differently – the USA wanted capitalist democracies to dominate the world, whereas the USSR wanted Communist dictatorships. Directions: Based on your different roles as Joseph Stalin or Harry Truman, how would you handle each situation? --------------------------------------------------------------- Roles Stalin: You are Joseph Stalin, leader of the Soviet Union. Your army conquered Eastern Europe and most of Germany during World War II while 25 million Russians died. Now, Soviet soldiers are in every Eastern European country, and you want to keep them there to make sure Germany never invades anyone again. This is also an opportunity to spread Communism (how convenient!). Before WWII, the capitalist economies in Eastern Europe resulted in under-paid workers and rich capitalists who did not care for them. Like Karl Marx said, the workers have nothing to lose but their chains, and World War II destroyed all the chains in Eastern Europe – their governments, factories, economic classes, and economy. Now you can rebuild Eastern Europe as a socialist paradise – where government owns everything and supports the people’s needs. But this will be tough – Western Europe is capitalist AND allied with the United States – Western Europeans buy and sell products that just waste money and create addiction to material objects and pointless fun. You can’t let the Eastern Europeans run to that kind of life – they will abandon the socialist/communist dream and it will fail. If Communism fails, we will be back to capitalism, where the rich exploit the poor. Truman: You are Harry S. Truman, President of the United States. You are worried about the Soviet Union – they have taken control of all of Eastern Europe with their massive army. You want those nations in Eastern Europe to be capitalist, and you offered them money (The Marshall Plan) to rebuild, but the Soviet Union won’t let them accept it. And they are forcing
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  • Fall '17
  • Traci Barger

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