COMM390 Final Exam Study Guide Fall 2018.pdf - COMM 390 Final Exam Study Guide Be able to differentiate between individualistic and collectivist

COMM390 Final Exam Study Guide Fall 2018.pdf - COMM 390...

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COMM 390 Final Exam Study GuideBe able to differentiate between individualistic and collectivist cultures.Individualistic: decisions are made quickly with a reliance on centralized authority. People tend to look out forthemselves or their friends without much consideration for the common good.Collectivistic: emphasis on consensus in decision-making which makes the process awkward/unmanageable.Implementation is easier because everyone has already agreed or come to terms with the group's conclusion.Members develop more intimacy and loyalty among their groups than in individualistic.Know your cultural “rites.”Rite: bringing together a lot of discrete cultural forms into a public performance- Language, metaphors and ritualized behavior all come together in these rites- An annual awards banquet or school graduation are examples of ceremonies/rites- Examples of rites:o Rite of passage: when people assume new roles, graduation from basic trainingo Rite of degradation: dissolving an organizational identity, like packing up your desk after getting firedo Rite of enhancement: provides public recognition for an employee's accomplishmentso Rites of renewal: refurbishing social structures by improving their functioning. A yearly conference or trainingprogramo Rites of conflict reduction: reestablishing equilibrium after conflicto Rites of integration: reviving common feelings that bind members togetherBe able to differentiate between different academic perspectives on the study of culture.Traditional: organizations are objects that can be studied.Tenets: usually concerned with linkage between communication and organizational effective, uses the metaphor of amachine/organism, organizations are objects to be examined and political interests of management are privilegedwhich causes conflict and changeInterpretive: organizations are cultures created by their membersTenets: organizations are cultures built by the values, beliefs and perceptions of its members, they are subjectiveand not objective (opposite of traditional), and they study the process of the social creation of the organizationscultureCritical: organizations are the sites and instruments of privilege and oppressionTenets: focuses on the relationships between the haves and have-nots, those in power systematically distort therules in their own favor and not the worker's best interests, study the interactions of members and structure of theorganization simultaneouslyFeminism: special case of critical perspective focused on the systematic oppression of women in organizations bythe patriarchy. Liberal: advancing women's rights and equality, radical: blames male power in traditional institutionsfor women's oppression
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