chapter_03 infectyion control and safety ppt.pdf -...

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1Copyright © 2012 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Chapter 3: Infection Control, Safety, First Aid, and Personal WellnessChapter 3: Infection Control, Safety, First Aid, and Personal WellnessCopyright © 2012 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins ObjectivesObjectives1.Define the key terms and abbreviations listed at the beginning of this chapter.2.Identify the components of the chain of infection and give examples of each, describe infection-control procedures used to break the chain, and identify four functions of infection-control programs.3.Describe proper procedures for hand hygiene, putting on and removing protective clothing, and entering the nursery or neonatal ICU.4.Describe standard and transmission-based precautions and identify the organizations that developed them.Copyright © 2012 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Objectives (cont’d)Objectives (cont’d)5.State safety rules to follow when working in the laboratory and in patient areas.6.List examples of blood-borne pathogens and describe their means of transmission in a healthcare setting.7.Discuss the major points of the blood-borne pathogens (BBP) standard, including changes required by the Needlestick Safety and Prevention Act, and identify key elements of a BBP exposure control plan.Copyright © 2012 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Objectives (cont’d)Objectives (cont’d)8.Describe hazards, identify warning symbols, list actions to take if incidents occur, and specify rules to follow for proper biological, electrical, fire, radiation, and chemical safety.9.Identify symptoms of shock, state first aid procedures for treating external hemorrhage and shock, identify the main points of the international CPR and ECC guidelines, and identify the links in the American Heart Association chain of survival.10.Describe the role of personal hygiene, proper nutrition, rest, exercise, back protection, and stress management in personal wellness.
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2Copyright © 2012 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Infection ControlInfection ControlInfection: DefinitionWhen a microorganism invades body, multiplies, & causes injury or diseaseMicrobes include:• Bacteria• Fungi• Protozoa• VirusesPathogen:a microbe capable of causing diseaseCopyright © 2012 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Infection Control (cont’d)Infection Control (cont’d)• Types of InfectionCommunicable• Able to be spread from person to person• CDC investigates & controls communicable diseases & epidemicsNosocomial & healthcare-associated infections (HAIs)• Infections acquired in hospitals & other healthcare settings• 1.7 million HAIs & 99,000 associated deaths occur each year• Caused by infected personnel, patients, visitors, food, drugs, or equipmentCopyright © 2012 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Infection Control (cont’d)Infection Control (cont’d)Chain of Infection1.Infectious (causative) agentPathogenic microbe responsible for causing an infection2. ReservoirSource of infectious agentPlace where microbe can survive & grow or multiplyIncludes: humans, animals, food, water, soil, equipment3.Exit pathway
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