M1-1 Notes.docx - Civics Module 1 Lesson 1 Notes Inalienable rights \u2013 Rights that are unable to be given up such as life liberty and pursuit of

M1-1 Notes.docx - Civics Module 1 Lesson 1 Notes...

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Civics Module 1 Lesson 1 Notes Inalienable rights – Rights that are unable to be given up such as life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness. These are guaranteed in the Declaration of Independence. Due process – Citizens are guaranteed fair treatment during a judicial proceeding. Bill of Rights – The First Amendments to the United States Constitution; they offer specific protections on individual rights and place specific restrictions on government powers. Separation of Powers – Breaks up the United States government into 3 branches: The Legislative Branch (Congress) , The Judicial Branch (Courts ) and the Executive Branch (President) Checks and Balances – A system built to ensure that no branch of government becomes more powerful than the other. Each branch can approve or deny a law, bill, or appointment made by the other branch. Consent of the governed – The authority of the government to make laws is based on the consent or approval people who elected them. By voting, they give the government permission to make laws on their behalf. Popular Sovereignty – The government is created by and subject to the will of the people through the election process. Voting – A civic responsibility of electing the people who will make the laws and represent the people; also, could mean voicing an opinion for or against a law.
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