AMSCO Unit 2 PPT.pptx - Unit 2 Networks of Exchange c 1200 to c 1450 2.1 The Silk Road EQ What were the causes and effects of growth of networks of

AMSCO Unit 2 PPT.pptx - Unit 2 Networks of Exchange c 1200...

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Unit 2 Networks of Exchange c. 1200 to c. 1450
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2.1 The Silk Road EQ: What were the causes and effects of growth of networks of exchange after 1200? Big Picture: Improved commercial practices led to an increased volume of trade that expanded the existing trade routes including the Silk Roads . As trade routes expanded, new powerful trading cities like Kashgar and Samarkand emerged. The demand for luxury goods like textiles and porcelains increased in Afro-Eurasia . This new demand was driven by new innovations to existing transportation and commercial technologies.
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Growth of exchange networks Classical empires such as the Han, Kushan, Parthian, and Roman brought order and stability to large territories They undertook massive construction projects to improve transportation infrastructure. The expanding size of the empires brought them within close proximity to each other.
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Silk Roads As classical empires reduced the costs of long-distance trade, merchants began establishing an extensive network of trade routes that linked much of Eurasia and northern Africa. Merchants took several different routes, depending on climate, friendliness of the territories being crossed, and the number of bandit attacks in a given period. Collectively, these routes are known as the “Silk Roads” because high-quality silk from China was one of the principal commodities exchanged over the roads.
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Effects of the Growth of Exchange Networks Linked China and the Roman Empire. The two extreme ends of Eurasia. Started in the Han capital of Chang’an and went west to the Taklamakan Desert. The Silk Roads avoided the Taklamakan Desert and passed through the oasis towns on its outskirts. A series of oases developed along the routes and new commercial innovations.
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Cities and Oases Cities along routes with rivers became thriving centers for trade. Kashgar- located on the western edge of China. Travelers became dependent on Kashgar for its abundance of food and water. Samarkand , Uzbekistan also became a center of cultural exchange and known for its magnificently decorate mosques. There is still a bustling market at Kashgar.
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Effects of Long-distance Trade Individual merchants usually did not travel from one end of Eurasia to the other GEOGRAPHY determined what was exchanged, where it was exchanged, and by whom it was exchanged Caravanserai were inns there were established about 100 miles apart (the distance a camel could travel before they needed water).
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Silk Road Trade to the West Silk and spices traveled west from southeast Asia, China, and India China was the only country in classical times where cultivators and weavers had developed techniques for producing high-quality silk fabrics Spices served not just to season food but also as drugs, anesthetics, aphrodisiacs, perfumes, aromatics, and magical potions Chinese silk making
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Products that Contributed to Silk Road Commerce China: silk bamboo, mirrors, gunpowder, paper, rhubarb, ginger,
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